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RegAllocBase.h
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1 //===- RegAllocBase.h - basic regalloc interface and driver -----*- C++ -*-===//
2 //
3 // The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
4 //
5 // This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
6 // License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
7 //
8 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
9 //
10 // This file defines the RegAllocBase class, which is the skeleton of a basic
11 // register allocation algorithm and interface for extending it. It provides the
12 // building blocks on which to construct other experimental allocators and test
13 // the validity of two principles:
14 //
15 // - If virtual and physical register liveness is modeled using intervals, then
16 // on-the-fly interference checking is cheap. Furthermore, interferences can be
17 // lazily cached and reused.
18 //
19 // - Register allocation complexity, and generated code performance is
20 // determined by the effectiveness of live range splitting rather than optimal
21 // coloring.
22 //
23 // Following the first principle, interfering checking revolves around the
24 // LiveIntervalUnion data structure.
25 //
26 // To fulfill the second principle, the basic allocator provides a driver for
27 // incremental splitting. It essentially punts on the problem of register
28 // coloring, instead driving the assignment of virtual to physical registers by
29 // the cost of splitting. The basic allocator allows for heuristic reassignment
30 // of registers, if a more sophisticated allocator chooses to do that.
31 //
32 // This framework provides a way to engineer the compile time vs. code
33 // quality trade-off without relying on a particular theoretical solver.
34 //
35 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
36 
37 #ifndef LLVM_LIB_CODEGEN_REGALLOCBASE_H
38 #define LLVM_LIB_CODEGEN_REGALLOCBASE_H
39 
40 #include "llvm/ADT/SmallPtrSet.h"
42 
43 namespace llvm {
44 
45 class LiveInterval;
46 class LiveIntervals;
47 class LiveRegMatrix;
48 class MachineInstr;
49 class MachineRegisterInfo;
50 template<typename T> class SmallVectorImpl;
51 class Spiller;
52 class TargetRegisterInfo;
53 class VirtRegMap;
54 
55 /// RegAllocBase provides the register allocation driver and interface that can
56 /// be extended to add interesting heuristics.
57 ///
58 /// Register allocators must override the selectOrSplit() method to implement
59 /// live range splitting. They must also override enqueue/dequeue to provide an
60 /// assignment order.
61 class RegAllocBase {
62  virtual void anchor();
63 
64 protected:
65  const TargetRegisterInfo *TRI = nullptr;
67  VirtRegMap *VRM = nullptr;
68  LiveIntervals *LIS = nullptr;
69  LiveRegMatrix *Matrix = nullptr;
71 
72  /// Inst which is a def of an original reg and whose defs are already all
73  /// dead after remat is saved in DeadRemats. The deletion of such inst is
74  /// postponed till all the allocations are done, so its remat expr is
75  /// always available for the remat of all the siblings of the original reg.
77 
78  RegAllocBase() = default;
79  virtual ~RegAllocBase() = default;
80 
81  // A RegAlloc pass should call this before allocatePhysRegs.
82  void init(VirtRegMap &vrm, LiveIntervals &lis, LiveRegMatrix &mat);
83 
84  // The top-level driver. The output is a VirtRegMap that us updated with
85  // physical register assignments.
86  void allocatePhysRegs();
87 
88  // Include spiller post optimization and removing dead defs left because of
89  // rematerialization.
90  virtual void postOptimization();
91 
92  // Get a temporary reference to a Spiller instance.
93  virtual Spiller &spiller() = 0;
94 
95  /// enqueue - Add VirtReg to the priority queue of unassigned registers.
96  virtual void enqueue(LiveInterval *LI) = 0;
97 
98  /// dequeue - Return the next unassigned register, or NULL.
99  virtual LiveInterval *dequeue() = 0;
100 
101  // A RegAlloc pass should override this to provide the allocation heuristics.
102  // Each call must guarantee forward progess by returning an available PhysReg
103  // or new set of split live virtual registers. It is up to the splitter to
104  // converge quickly toward fully spilled live ranges.
105  virtual unsigned selectOrSplit(LiveInterval &VirtReg,
106  SmallVectorImpl<unsigned> &splitLVRs) = 0;
107 
108  // Use this group name for NamedRegionTimer.
109  static const char TimerGroupName[];
110  static const char TimerGroupDescription[];
111 
112  /// Method called when the allocator is about to remove a LiveInterval.
113  virtual void aboutToRemoveInterval(LiveInterval &LI) {}
114 
115 public:
116  /// VerifyEnabled - True when -verify-regalloc is given.
117  static bool VerifyEnabled;
118 
119 private:
120  void seedLiveRegs();
121 };
122 
123 } // end namespace llvm
124 
125 #endif // LLVM_LIB_CODEGEN_REGALLOCBASE_H
static const char TimerGroupDescription[]
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:110
This class represents lattice values for constants.
Definition: AllocatorList.h:24
LiveInterval - This class represents the liveness of a register, or stack slot.
Definition: LiveInterval.h:638
LiveRegMatrix * Matrix
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:69
virtual unsigned selectOrSplit(LiveInterval &VirtReg, SmallVectorImpl< unsigned > &splitLVRs)=0
RegAllocBase()=default
Spiller interface.
Definition: Spiller.h:24
SmallPtrSet< MachineInstr *, 32 > DeadRemats
Inst which is a def of an original reg and whose defs are already all dead after remat is saved in De...
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:76
RegAllocBase provides the register allocation driver and interface that can be extended to add intere...
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:61
VirtRegMap * VRM
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:67
virtual ~RegAllocBase()=default
void init(VirtRegMap &vrm, LiveIntervals &lis, LiveRegMatrix &mat)
static const char TimerGroupName[]
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:109
TargetRegisterInfo base class - We assume that the target defines a static array of TargetRegisterDes...
LiveIntervals * LIS
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:68
virtual void enqueue(LiveInterval *LI)=0
enqueue - Add VirtReg to the priority queue of unassigned registers.
SmallPtrSet - This class implements a set which is optimized for holding SmallSize or less elements...
Definition: SmallPtrSet.h:418
virtual void aboutToRemoveInterval(LiveInterval &LI)
Method called when the allocator is about to remove a LiveInterval.
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:113
MachineRegisterInfo - Keep track of information for virtual and physical registers, including vreg register classes, use/def chains for registers, etc.
static bool VerifyEnabled
VerifyEnabled - True when -verify-regalloc is given.
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:117
const TargetRegisterInfo * TRI
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:65
virtual void postOptimization()
RegisterClassInfo RegClassInfo
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:70
MachineRegisterInfo * MRI
Definition: RegAllocBase.h:66
virtual Spiller & spiller()=0
virtual LiveInterval * dequeue()=0
dequeue - Return the next unassigned register, or NULL.