This document is intended to explain the process of building the LLVM C/C++ front-end, based on GCC 3.4, from its source code. You would have to do this, for example, if you are porting LLVM to a new architecture or operating system.
NOTE: This is currently a somewhat fragile, error-prone process, and you should only try to do it if:
We welcome patches to help make this process simpler.
If you are building LLVM and the GCC front-end under Cygwin, please note that the LLVM and GCC makefiles do not correctly handle spaces in paths. To deal with this issue, make sure that your LLVM and GCC source and build trees are located in a top-level directory (like /cygdrive/c/llvm and /cygdrive/c/llvm-cfrontend), not in a directory that contains a space (which includes your "home directory", because it lives under the "Documents and Settings" directory). We welcome patches to fix this issue.
It has been found that the GCC 3.3.3 compiler provided with recent Cygwin versions is incapable of compiling the LLVM GCC front-end correctly. If your Cygwin installation includes GCC 3.3.3, we strongly recommend that you download GCC 3.4.3, build it separately, and use it for compiling the LLVM GCC front-end. This has been shown to work correctly.
Some versions of Cygwin utilize an experimental version of GNU binutils that will cause the GNU ld linker to fail an assertion when linking components of the libstdc++. It is recommended that you replace the entire binutils package with version 2.15 such that "ld --version" responds with
GNU ld version 2.15not with:
GNU ld version 2.15.91 20040725
If you are building LLVM and the GCC front-end under AIX, do NOT use GNU Binutils. They are not stable under AIX and may produce incorrect and/or invalid code. Instead, use the system assembler and linker.
Configure and build the LLVM libraries and tools. There are two ways to do this: either with objdir == srcdir or objdir != srcdir. It is recommended that srcdir be the same as objdir for your LLVM tree (but note that you should always use srcdir != objdir for llvm-gcc):
% cd objdir % srcdir/configure --prefix=/some/path/you/can/install/to [options...] % gmake tools-only
% cd llvm % ./configure --prefix=/some/path/you/can/install/to [options...] % gmake tools-only
This will build all of the LLVM tools and libraries. The --prefix option defaults to /usr/local (per configure standards) but unless you are a system administrator, you probably won't be able to install LLVM there because of permissions. Specify a path into which LLVM can be installed (e.g. --prefix=/home/user/llvm).
Add the directory containing the tools to your PATH.
% set path = ( `cd llvm/Debug/bin && pwd` $path )
Unpack the C/C++ front-end source into cfrontend/src, either by untar'ing a cfrontend.source.tar.gz file or checking out CVS into this directory.
Make "build" and "install" directories as siblings of the "src" tree:
% pwd /usr/local/example/cfrontend/src % cd .. % mkdir build install % set CFEINSTALL = `pwd`/install
Configure, build, and install the GCC front-end:
MacOS X/PowerPC (requires dlcompat library):
% cd build % ../src/configure --prefix=$CFEINSTALL --disable-threads --disable-nls \ --disable-shared --enable-languages=c,c++ --program-prefix=llvm- % gmake all; gmake install
% cd build % ../src/configure --prefix=$CFEINSTALL --disable-threads --disable-nls \ --disable-shared --enable-languages=c,c++ --disable-c-mbchar \ --program-prefix=llvm- % gmake all; gmake install
The GCC front-end can be configured for either SPARC V8 (32 bit) or SPARC V9 (64 bit). This changes, among other things, the sizes of integer types and the macros defined for conditional compilation.
The SPARC V8 backend is still beta quality software. Unless you are working on the SPARC V8 backend, you should specify sparcv9 on the configure command line, as shown below. Also, note that Solaris has trouble with various wide (multibyte) character functions from C as referenced from C++, so we typically configure with --disable-c-mbchar (cf. Bug 206).
% cd build % ../src/configure --prefix=$CFEINSTALL --disable-threads --disable-nls \ --disable-shared --enable-languages=c,c++ --host=sparcv9-sun-solaris2.8 \ --disable-c-mbchar --program-prefix=llvm- % gmake all; gmake install
Common Problem: You may get error messages regarding the fact that LLVM does not support inline assembly. Here are two common fixes:
Fix 1: If you have system header files that include
inline assembly, you may have to modify them to remove the inline
assembly and install the modified versions in
src/libstdc++-v3/config/cpu/name-of-cpu/atomicity.hand apply a patch so that it does not use inline assembly.
Porting to a new architecture: If you are porting the front-end to a new architecture or compiling in a configuration that we have not tried previously, there are probably several changes you will have to make to the GCC target to get it to work correctly. These include:
Put $CFEINSTALL/bin into your PATH environment variable.
Go back into the LLVM source tree proper. Rerun configure, using the same options as the last time. This will cause the configuration to now find the newly built llvm-gcc and llvm-g++ executables.
Rebuild your CVS tree. This shouldn't cause the whole thing to be rebuilt, but it should build the runtime libraries. After the tree is built, install the runtime libraries into your GCC front-end build tree. These are the commands you need:
% gmake % gmake -C runtime install-bytecode
Optionally, build a symbol table for the newly installed runtime libraries. Although this step is optional, you are strongly encouraged to do this as the symbol tables will make a significant difference in your link times. Use the llvm-ranlib tool to do this, as follows:
% cd $CFEINSTALL/lib % llvm-ranlib libiberty.a % llvm-ranlib libstdc++.a % llvm-ranlib libsupc++.a % cd $CFEINSTALL/lib/gcc/target-triplet/3.4-llvm % llvm-ranlib libgcc.a % llvm-ranlib libgcov.a
Test the newly-installed C frontend by one or more of the following means:
The LLVM GCC frontend is licensed to you under the GNU General Public License and the GNU Lesser General Public License. Please see the files COPYING and COPYING.LIB for more details.
The software also has the following additional copyrights:
Copyright (c) 2003, 2004, 2005 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. All rights reserved. Developed by: LLVM Team University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign http://llvm.cs.uiuc.edu THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE CONTRIBUTORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS WITH THE SOFTWARE. Copyright (c) 1994 Hewlett-Packard Company Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute and sell this software and its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation. Hewlett-Packard Company makes no representations about the suitability of this software for any purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty. Copyright (c) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 Silicon Graphics Computer Systems, Inc. Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute and sell this software and its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation. Silicon Graphics makes no representations about the suitability of this software for any purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty.