Bug Summary

File:build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/clang/include/clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h
Warning:line 318, column 9
Potential memory leak

Annotated Source Code

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clang -cc1 -cc1 -triple x86_64-pc-linux-gnu -analyze -disable-free -clear-ast-before-backend -disable-llvm-verifier -discard-value-names -main-file-name InvalidPtrChecker.cpp -analyzer-checker=core -analyzer-checker=apiModeling -analyzer-checker=unix -analyzer-checker=deadcode -analyzer-checker=cplusplus -analyzer-checker=security.insecureAPI.UncheckedReturn -analyzer-checker=security.insecureAPI.getpw -analyzer-checker=security.insecureAPI.gets -analyzer-checker=security.insecureAPI.mktemp -analyzer-checker=security.insecureAPI.mkstemp -analyzer-checker=security.insecureAPI.vfork -analyzer-checker=nullability.NullPassedToNonnull -analyzer-checker=nullability.NullReturnedFromNonnull -analyzer-output plist -w -setup-static-analyzer -analyzer-config-compatibility-mode=true -mrelocation-model pic -pic-level 2 -mframe-pointer=none -relaxed-aliasing -fmath-errno -ffp-contract=on -fno-rounding-math -mconstructor-aliases -funwind-tables=2 -target-cpu x86-64 -tune-cpu generic -debugger-tuning=gdb -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections -fcoverage-compilation-dir=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/build-llvm -resource-dir /usr/lib/llvm-16/lib/clang/16.0.0 -D _DEBUG -D _GNU_SOURCE -D __STDC_CONSTANT_MACROS -D __STDC_FORMAT_MACROS -D __STDC_LIMIT_MACROS -I tools/clang/lib/StaticAnalyzer/Checkers -I /build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/clang/lib/StaticAnalyzer/Checkers -I /build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/clang/include -I tools/clang/include -I include -I /build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/llvm/include -D _FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -D NDEBUG -U NDEBUG -internal-isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/../../../../include/c++/10 -internal-isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/../../../../include/x86_64-linux-gnu/c++/10 -internal-isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/../../../../include/c++/10/backward -internal-isystem /usr/lib/llvm-16/lib/clang/16.0.0/include -internal-isystem /usr/local/include -internal-isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/../../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/include -internal-externc-isystem /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu -internal-externc-isystem /include -internal-externc-isystem /usr/include -fmacro-prefix-map=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/build-llvm=build-llvm -fmacro-prefix-map=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/= -fcoverage-prefix-map=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/build-llvm=build-llvm -fcoverage-prefix-map=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/= -O3 -Wno-unused-command-line-argument -Wno-unused-parameter -Wwrite-strings -Wno-missing-field-initializers -Wno-long-long -Wno-maybe-uninitialized -Wno-class-memaccess -Wno-redundant-move -Wno-pessimizing-move -Wno-noexcept-type -Wno-comment -Wno-misleading-indentation -std=c++17 -fdeprecated-macro -fdebug-compilation-dir=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/build-llvm -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/build-llvm=build-llvm -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/= -ferror-limit 19 -fvisibility-inlines-hidden -stack-protector 2 -fgnuc-version=4.2.1 -fcolor-diagnostics -vectorize-loops -vectorize-slp -analyzer-output=html -analyzer-config stable-report-filename=true -faddrsig -D__GCC_HAVE_DWARF2_CFI_ASM=1 -o /tmp/scan-build-2022-09-04-125545-48738-1 -x c++ /build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/clang/lib/StaticAnalyzer/Checkers/cert/InvalidPtrChecker.cpp

/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/clang/lib/StaticAnalyzer/Checkers/cert/InvalidPtrChecker.cpp

1//== InvalidPtrChecker.cpp ------------------------------------- -*- C++ -*--=//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8//
9// This file defines InvalidPtrChecker which finds usages of possibly
10// invalidated pointer.
11// CERT SEI Rules ENV31-C and ENV34-C
12// For more information see:
13// https://wiki.sei.cmu.edu/confluence/x/8tYxBQ
14// https://wiki.sei.cmu.edu/confluence/x/5NUxBQ
15//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
16
17#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Checkers/BuiltinCheckerRegistration.h"
18#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/BugReporter/BugType.h"
19#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/Checker.h"
20#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/CheckerManager.h"
21#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CallDescription.h"
22#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CallEvent.h"
23#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h"
24
25using namespace clang;
26using namespace ento;
27
28namespace {
29
30class InvalidPtrChecker
31 : public Checker<check::Location, check::BeginFunction, check::PostCall> {
32private:
33 BugType BT{this, "Use of invalidated pointer", categories::MemoryError};
34
35 void EnvpInvalidatingCall(const CallEvent &Call, CheckerContext &C) const;
36
37 using HandlerFn = void (InvalidPtrChecker::*)(const CallEvent &Call,
38 CheckerContext &C) const;
39
40 // SEI CERT ENV31-C
41 const CallDescriptionMap<HandlerFn> EnvpInvalidatingFunctions = {
42 {{"setenv", 3}, &InvalidPtrChecker::EnvpInvalidatingCall},
43 {{"unsetenv", 1}, &InvalidPtrChecker::EnvpInvalidatingCall},
44 {{"putenv", 1}, &InvalidPtrChecker::EnvpInvalidatingCall},
45 {{"_putenv_s", 2}, &InvalidPtrChecker::EnvpInvalidatingCall},
46 {{"_wputenv_s", 2}, &InvalidPtrChecker::EnvpInvalidatingCall},
47 };
48
49 void postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall(const CallEvent &Call,
50 CheckerContext &C) const;
51
52 // SEI CERT ENV34-C
53 const CallDescriptionMap<HandlerFn> PreviousCallInvalidatingFunctions = {
54 {{"getenv", 1}, &InvalidPtrChecker::postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall},
55 {{"setlocale", 2},
56 &InvalidPtrChecker::postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall},
57 {{"strerror", 1}, &InvalidPtrChecker::postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall},
58 {{"localeconv", 0},
59 &InvalidPtrChecker::postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall},
60 {{"asctime", 1}, &InvalidPtrChecker::postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall},
61 };
62
63public:
64 // Obtain the environment pointer from 'main()' (if present).
65 void checkBeginFunction(CheckerContext &C) const;
66
67 // Handle functions in EnvpInvalidatingFunctions, that invalidate environment
68 // pointer from 'main()'
69 // Handle functions in PreviousCallInvalidatingFunctions.
70 // Also, check if invalidated region is passed to a
71 // conservatively evaluated function call as an argument.
72 void checkPostCall(const CallEvent &Call, CheckerContext &C) const;
73
74 // Check if invalidated region is being dereferenced.
75 void checkLocation(SVal l, bool isLoad, const Stmt *S,
76 CheckerContext &C) const;
77};
78
79} // namespace
80
81// Set of memory regions that were invalidated
82REGISTER_SET_WITH_PROGRAMSTATE(InvalidMemoryRegions, const MemRegion *)namespace { class InvalidMemoryRegions {}; using InvalidMemoryRegionsTy
= llvm::ImmutableSet<const MemRegion *>; } namespace clang
{ namespace ento { template <> struct ProgramStateTrait
<InvalidMemoryRegions> : public ProgramStatePartialTrait
<InvalidMemoryRegionsTy> { static void *GDMIndex() { static
int Index; return &Index; } }; } }
83
84// Stores the region of the environment pointer of 'main' (if present).
85REGISTER_TRAIT_WITH_PROGRAMSTATE(EnvPtrRegion, const MemRegion *)namespace { class EnvPtrRegion {}; using EnvPtrRegionTy = const
MemRegion *; } namespace clang { namespace ento { template <
> struct ProgramStateTrait<EnvPtrRegion> : public ProgramStatePartialTrait
<EnvPtrRegionTy> { static void *GDMIndex() { static int
Index; return &Index; } }; } }
86
87// Stores key-value pairs, where key is function declaration and value is
88// pointer to memory region returned by previous call of this function
89REGISTER_MAP_WITH_PROGRAMSTATE(PreviousCallResultMap, const FunctionDecl *,namespace { class PreviousCallResultMap {}; using PreviousCallResultMapTy
= llvm::ImmutableMap<const FunctionDecl *, const MemRegion
*>; } namespace clang { namespace ento { template <>
struct ProgramStateTrait<PreviousCallResultMap> : public
ProgramStatePartialTrait<PreviousCallResultMapTy> { static
void *GDMIndex() { static int Index; return &Index; } };
} }
90 const MemRegion *)namespace { class PreviousCallResultMap {}; using PreviousCallResultMapTy
= llvm::ImmutableMap<const FunctionDecl *, const MemRegion
*>; } namespace clang { namespace ento { template <>
struct ProgramStateTrait<PreviousCallResultMap> : public
ProgramStatePartialTrait<PreviousCallResultMapTy> { static
void *GDMIndex() { static int Index; return &Index; } };
} }
91
92void InvalidPtrChecker::EnvpInvalidatingCall(const CallEvent &Call,
93 CheckerContext &C) const {
94 StringRef FunctionName = Call.getCalleeIdentifier()->getName();
95 ProgramStateRef State = C.getState();
96 const MemRegion *SymbolicEnvPtrRegion = State->get<EnvPtrRegion>();
97 if (!SymbolicEnvPtrRegion)
1
Assuming 'SymbolicEnvPtrRegion' is non-null
2
Taking false branch
98 return;
99
100 State = State->add<InvalidMemoryRegions>(SymbolicEnvPtrRegion);
101
102 const NoteTag *Note =
103 C.getNoteTag([SymbolicEnvPtrRegion, FunctionName](
3
Calling 'CheckerContext::getNoteTag'
104 PathSensitiveBugReport &BR, llvm::raw_ostream &Out) {
105 if (!BR.isInteresting(SymbolicEnvPtrRegion))
106 return;
107 Out << '\'' << FunctionName
108 << "' call may invalidate the environment parameter of 'main'";
109 });
110
111 C.addTransition(State, Note);
112}
113
114void InvalidPtrChecker::postPreviousReturnInvalidatingCall(
115 const CallEvent &Call, CheckerContext &C) const {
116 ProgramStateRef State = C.getState();
117
118 const NoteTag *Note = nullptr;
119 const FunctionDecl *FD = dyn_cast_or_null<FunctionDecl>(Call.getDecl());
120 // Invalidate the region of the previously returned pointer - if there was
121 // one.
122 if (const MemRegion *const *Reg = State->get<PreviousCallResultMap>(FD)) {
123 const MemRegion *PrevReg = *Reg;
124 State = State->add<InvalidMemoryRegions>(PrevReg);
125 Note = C.getNoteTag([PrevReg, FD](PathSensitiveBugReport &BR,
126 llvm::raw_ostream &Out) {
127 if (!BR.isInteresting(PrevReg))
128 return;
129 Out << '\'';
130 FD->getNameForDiagnostic(Out, FD->getASTContext().getLangOpts(), true);
131 Out << "' call may invalidate the result of the previous " << '\'';
132 FD->getNameForDiagnostic(Out, FD->getASTContext().getLangOpts(), true);
133 Out << '\'';
134 });
135 }
136
137 const LocationContext *LCtx = C.getLocationContext();
138 const auto *CE = cast<CallExpr>(Call.getOriginExpr());
139
140 // Function call will return a pointer to the new symbolic region.
141 DefinedOrUnknownSVal RetVal = C.getSValBuilder().conjureSymbolVal(
142 CE, LCtx, CE->getType(), C.blockCount());
143 State = State->BindExpr(CE, LCtx, RetVal);
144
145 // Remember to this region.
146 const auto *SymRegOfRetVal = cast<SymbolicRegion>(RetVal.getAsRegion());
147 const MemRegion *MR =
148 const_cast<MemRegion *>(SymRegOfRetVal->getBaseRegion());
149 State = State->set<PreviousCallResultMap>(FD, MR);
150
151 ExplodedNode *Node = C.addTransition(State, Note);
152 const NoteTag *PreviousCallNote =
153 C.getNoteTag([MR](PathSensitiveBugReport &BR, llvm::raw_ostream &Out) {
154 if (!BR.isInteresting(MR))
155 return;
156 Out << '\'' << "'previous function call was here" << '\'';
157 });
158
159 C.addTransition(State, Node, PreviousCallNote);
160}
161
162// TODO: This seems really ugly. Simplify this.
163static const MemRegion *findInvalidatedSymbolicBase(ProgramStateRef State,
164 const MemRegion *Reg) {
165 while (Reg) {
166 if (State->contains<InvalidMemoryRegions>(Reg))
167 return Reg;
168 const auto *SymBase = Reg->getSymbolicBase();
169 if (!SymBase)
170 break;
171 const auto *SRV = dyn_cast<SymbolRegionValue>(SymBase->getSymbol());
172 if (!SRV)
173 break;
174 Reg = SRV->getRegion();
175 if (const auto *VarReg = dyn_cast<VarRegion>(SRV->getRegion()))
176 Reg = VarReg;
177 }
178 return nullptr;
179}
180
181// Handle functions in EnvpInvalidatingFunctions, that invalidate environment
182// pointer from 'main()' Also, check if invalidated region is passed to a
183// function call as an argument.
184void InvalidPtrChecker::checkPostCall(const CallEvent &Call,
185 CheckerContext &C) const {
186 // Check if function invalidates 'envp' argument of 'main'
187 if (const auto *Handler = EnvpInvalidatingFunctions.lookup(Call))
188 (this->**Handler)(Call, C);
189
190 // Check if function invalidates the result of previous call
191 if (const auto *Handler = PreviousCallInvalidatingFunctions.lookup(Call))
192 (this->**Handler)(Call, C);
193
194 // Check if one of the arguments of the function call is invalidated
195
196 // If call was inlined, don't report invalidated argument
197 if (C.wasInlined)
198 return;
199
200 ProgramStateRef State = C.getState();
201
202 for (unsigned I = 0, NumArgs = Call.getNumArgs(); I < NumArgs; ++I) {
203
204 if (const auto *SR = dyn_cast_or_null<SymbolicRegion>(
205 Call.getArgSVal(I).getAsRegion())) {
206 if (const MemRegion *InvalidatedSymbolicBase =
207 findInvalidatedSymbolicBase(State, SR)) {
208 ExplodedNode *ErrorNode = C.generateNonFatalErrorNode();
209 if (!ErrorNode)
210 return;
211
212 SmallString<256> Msg;
213 llvm::raw_svector_ostream Out(Msg);
214 Out << "use of invalidated pointer '";
215 Call.getArgExpr(I)->printPretty(Out, /*Helper=*/nullptr,
216 C.getASTContext().getPrintingPolicy());
217 Out << "' in a function call";
218
219 auto Report =
220 std::make_unique<PathSensitiveBugReport>(BT, Out.str(), ErrorNode);
221 Report->markInteresting(InvalidatedSymbolicBase);
222 Report->addRange(Call.getArgSourceRange(I));
223 C.emitReport(std::move(Report));
224 }
225 }
226 }
227}
228
229// Obtain the environment pointer from 'main()', if present.
230void InvalidPtrChecker::checkBeginFunction(CheckerContext &C) const {
231 if (!C.inTopFrame())
232 return;
233
234 const auto *FD = dyn_cast<FunctionDecl>(C.getLocationContext()->getDecl());
235 if (!FD || FD->param_size() != 3 || !FD->isMain())
236 return;
237
238 ProgramStateRef State = C.getState();
239 const MemRegion *EnvpReg =
240 State->getRegion(FD->parameters()[2], C.getLocationContext());
241
242 // Save the memory region pointed by the environment pointer parameter of
243 // 'main'.
244 C.addTransition(State->set<EnvPtrRegion>(EnvpReg));
245}
246
247// Check if invalidated region is being dereferenced.
248void InvalidPtrChecker::checkLocation(SVal Loc, bool isLoad, const Stmt *S,
249 CheckerContext &C) const {
250 ProgramStateRef State = C.getState();
251
252 // Ignore memory operations involving 'non-invalidated' locations.
253 const MemRegion *InvalidatedSymbolicBase =
254 findInvalidatedSymbolicBase(State, Loc.getAsRegion());
255 if (!InvalidatedSymbolicBase)
256 return;
257
258 ExplodedNode *ErrorNode = C.generateNonFatalErrorNode();
259 if (!ErrorNode)
260 return;
261
262 auto Report = std::make_unique<PathSensitiveBugReport>(
263 BT, "dereferencing an invalid pointer", ErrorNode);
264 Report->markInteresting(InvalidatedSymbolicBase);
265 C.emitReport(std::move(Report));
266}
267
268void ento::registerInvalidPtrChecker(CheckerManager &Mgr) {
269 Mgr.registerChecker<InvalidPtrChecker>();
270}
271
272bool ento::shouldRegisterInvalidPtrChecker(const CheckerManager &) {
273 return true;
274}

/build/llvm-toolchain-snapshot-16~++20220904122748+c444af1c20b3/clang/include/clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h

1//== CheckerContext.h - Context info for path-sensitive checkers--*- C++ -*--=//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8//
9// This file defines CheckerContext that provides contextual info for
10// path-sensitive checkers.
11//
12//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
13
14#ifndef LLVM_CLANG_STATICANALYZER_CORE_PATHSENSITIVE_CHECKERCONTEXT_H
15#define LLVM_CLANG_STATICANALYZER_CORE_PATHSENSITIVE_CHECKERCONTEXT_H
16
17#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/ExprEngine.h"
18#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/ProgramStateTrait.h"
19
20namespace clang {
21namespace ento {
22
23class CheckerContext {
24 ExprEngine &Eng;
25 /// The current exploded(symbolic execution) graph node.
26 ExplodedNode *Pred;
27 /// The flag is true if the (state of the execution) has been modified
28 /// by the checker using this context. For example, a new transition has been
29 /// added or a bug report issued.
30 bool Changed;
31 /// The tagged location, which is used to generate all new nodes.
32 const ProgramPoint Location;
33 NodeBuilder &NB;
34
35public:
36 /// If we are post visiting a call, this flag will be set if the
37 /// call was inlined. In all other cases it will be false.
38 const bool wasInlined;
39
40 CheckerContext(NodeBuilder &builder,
41 ExprEngine &eng,
42 ExplodedNode *pred,
43 const ProgramPoint &loc,
44 bool wasInlined = false)
45 : Eng(eng),
46 Pred(pred),
47 Changed(false),
48 Location(loc),
49 NB(builder),
50 wasInlined(wasInlined) {
51 assert(Pred->getState() &&(static_cast <bool> (Pred->getState() && "We should not call the checkers on an empty state."
) ? void (0) : __assert_fail ("Pred->getState() && \"We should not call the checkers on an empty state.\""
, "clang/include/clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h"
, 52, __extension__ __PRETTY_FUNCTION__))
52 "We should not call the checkers on an empty state.")(static_cast <bool> (Pred->getState() && "We should not call the checkers on an empty state."
) ? void (0) : __assert_fail ("Pred->getState() && \"We should not call the checkers on an empty state.\""
, "clang/include/clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/CheckerContext.h"
, 52, __extension__ __PRETTY_FUNCTION__))
;
53 }
54
55 AnalysisManager &getAnalysisManager() {
56 return Eng.getAnalysisManager();
57 }
58
59 ConstraintManager &getConstraintManager() {
60 return Eng.getConstraintManager();
61 }
62
63 StoreManager &getStoreManager() {
64 return Eng.getStoreManager();
65 }
66
67 /// Returns the previous node in the exploded graph, which includes
68 /// the state of the program before the checker ran. Note, checkers should
69 /// not retain the node in their state since the nodes might get invalidated.
70 ExplodedNode *getPredecessor() { return Pred; }
71 const ProgramStateRef &getState() const { return Pred->getState(); }
72
73 /// Check if the checker changed the state of the execution; ex: added
74 /// a new transition or a bug report.
75 bool isDifferent() { return Changed; }
76
77 /// Returns the number of times the current block has been visited
78 /// along the analyzed path.
79 unsigned blockCount() const {
80 return NB.getContext().blockCount();
81 }
82
83 ASTContext &getASTContext() {
84 return Eng.getContext();
85 }
86
87 const ASTContext &getASTContext() const { return Eng.getContext(); }
88
89 const LangOptions &getLangOpts() const {
90 return Eng.getContext().getLangOpts();
91 }
92
93 const LocationContext *getLocationContext() const {
94 return Pred->getLocationContext();
95 }
96
97 const StackFrameContext *getStackFrame() const {
98 return Pred->getStackFrame();
99 }
100
101 /// Return true if the current LocationContext has no caller context.
102 bool inTopFrame() const { return getLocationContext()->inTopFrame(); }
103
104 BugReporter &getBugReporter() {
105 return Eng.getBugReporter();
106 }
107
108 const SourceManager &getSourceManager() {
109 return getBugReporter().getSourceManager();
110 }
111
112 Preprocessor &getPreprocessor() { return getBugReporter().getPreprocessor(); }
113
114 SValBuilder &getSValBuilder() {
115 return Eng.getSValBuilder();
116 }
117
118 SymbolManager &getSymbolManager() {
119 return getSValBuilder().getSymbolManager();
120 }
121
122 ProgramStateManager &getStateManager() {
123 return Eng.getStateManager();
124 }
125
126 AnalysisDeclContext *getCurrentAnalysisDeclContext() const {
127 return Pred->getLocationContext()->getAnalysisDeclContext();
128 }
129
130 /// Get the blockID.
131 unsigned getBlockID() const {
132 return NB.getContext().getBlock()->getBlockID();
133 }
134
135 /// If the given node corresponds to a PostStore program point,
136 /// retrieve the location region as it was uttered in the code.
137 ///
138 /// This utility can be useful for generating extensive diagnostics, for
139 /// example, for finding variables that the given symbol was assigned to.
140 static const MemRegion *getLocationRegionIfPostStore(const ExplodedNode *N) {
141 ProgramPoint L = N->getLocation();
142 if (Optional<PostStore> PSL = L.getAs<PostStore>())
143 return reinterpret_cast<const MemRegion*>(PSL->getLocationValue());
144 return nullptr;
145 }
146
147 /// Get the value of arbitrary expressions at this point in the path.
148 SVal getSVal(const Stmt *S) const {
149 return Pred->getSVal(S);
150 }
151
152 /// Returns true if the value of \p E is greater than or equal to \p
153 /// Val under unsigned comparison
154 bool isGreaterOrEqual(const Expr *E, unsigned long long Val);
155
156 /// Returns true if the value of \p E is negative.
157 bool isNegative(const Expr *E);
158
159 /// Generates a new transition in the program state graph
160 /// (ExplodedGraph). Uses the default CheckerContext predecessor node.
161 ///
162 /// @param State The state of the generated node. If not specified, the state
163 /// will not be changed, but the new node will have the checker's tag.
164 /// @param Tag The tag is used to uniquely identify the creation site. If no
165 /// tag is specified, a default tag, unique to the given checker,
166 /// will be used. Tags are used to prevent states generated at
167 /// different sites from caching out.
168 ExplodedNode *addTransition(ProgramStateRef State = nullptr,
169 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
170 return addTransitionImpl(State ? State : getState(), false, nullptr, Tag);
171 }
172
173 /// Generates a new transition with the given predecessor.
174 /// Allows checkers to generate a chain of nodes.
175 ///
176 /// @param State The state of the generated node.
177 /// @param Pred The transition will be generated from the specified Pred node
178 /// to the newly generated node.
179 /// @param Tag The tag to uniquely identify the creation site.
180 ExplodedNode *addTransition(ProgramStateRef State, ExplodedNode *Pred,
181 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
182 return addTransitionImpl(State, false, Pred, Tag);
183 }
184
185 /// Generate a sink node. Generating a sink stops exploration of the
186 /// given path. To create a sink node for the purpose of reporting an error,
187 /// checkers should use generateErrorNode() instead.
188 ExplodedNode *generateSink(ProgramStateRef State, ExplodedNode *Pred,
189 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
190 return addTransitionImpl(State ? State : getState(), true, Pred, Tag);
191 }
192
193 /// Add a sink node to the current path of execution, halting analysis.
194 void addSink(ProgramStateRef State = nullptr,
195 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
196 if (!State)
197 State = getState();
198 addTransition(State, generateSink(State, getPredecessor()));
199 }
200
201 /// Generate a transition to a node that will be used to report
202 /// an error. This node will be a sink. That is, it will stop exploration of
203 /// the given path.
204 ///
205 /// @param State The state of the generated node.
206 /// @param Tag The tag to uniquely identify the creation site. If null,
207 /// the default tag for the checker will be used.
208 ExplodedNode *generateErrorNode(ProgramStateRef State = nullptr,
209 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
210 return generateSink(State, Pred,
211 (Tag ? Tag : Location.getTag()));
212 }
213
214 /// Generate a transition to a node that will be used to report
215 /// an error. This node will not be a sink. That is, exploration will
216 /// continue along this path.
217 ///
218 /// @param State The state of the generated node.
219 /// @param Tag The tag to uniquely identify the creation site. If null,
220 /// the default tag for the checker will be used.
221 ExplodedNode *
222 generateNonFatalErrorNode(ProgramStateRef State = nullptr,
223 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
224 return addTransition(State, (Tag ? Tag : Location.getTag()));
225 }
226
227 /// Generate a transition to a node that will be used to report
228 /// an error. This node will not be a sink. That is, exploration will
229 /// continue along this path.
230 ///
231 /// @param State The state of the generated node.
232 /// @param Pred The transition will be generated from the specified Pred node
233 /// to the newly generated node.
234 /// @param Tag The tag to uniquely identify the creation site. If null,
235 /// the default tag for the checker will be used.
236 ExplodedNode *
237 generateNonFatalErrorNode(ProgramStateRef State,
238 ExplodedNode *Pred,
239 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
240 return addTransition(State, Pred, (Tag ? Tag : Location.getTag()));
241 }
242
243 /// Emit the diagnostics report.
244 void emitReport(std::unique_ptr<BugReport> R) {
245 Changed = true;
246 Eng.getBugReporter().emitReport(std::move(R));
247 }
248
249 /// Produce a program point tag that displays an additional path note
250 /// to the user. This is a lightweight alternative to the
251 /// BugReporterVisitor mechanism: instead of visiting the bug report
252 /// node-by-node to restore the sequence of events that led to discovering
253 /// a bug, you can add notes as you add your transitions.
254 ///
255 /// @param Cb Callback with 'BugReporterContext &, BugReport &' parameters.
256 /// @param IsPrunable Whether the note is prunable. It allows BugReporter
257 /// to omit the note from the report if it would make the displayed
258 /// bug path significantly shorter.
259 LLVM_ATTRIBUTE_RETURNS_NONNULL__attribute__((returns_nonnull))
260 const NoteTag *getNoteTag(NoteTag::Callback &&Cb, bool IsPrunable = false) {
261 return Eng.getDataTags().make<NoteTag>(std::move(Cb), IsPrunable);
262 }
263
264 /// A shorthand version of getNoteTag that doesn't require you to accept
265 /// the 'BugReporterContext' argument when you don't need it.
266 ///
267 /// @param Cb Callback only with 'BugReport &' parameter.
268 /// @param IsPrunable Whether the note is prunable. It allows BugReporter
269 /// to omit the note from the report if it would make the displayed
270 /// bug path significantly shorter.
271 const NoteTag
272 *getNoteTag(std::function<std::string(PathSensitiveBugReport &)> &&Cb,
273 bool IsPrunable = false) {
274 return getNoteTag(
275 [Cb](BugReporterContext &,
276 PathSensitiveBugReport &BR) { return Cb(BR); },
277 IsPrunable);
278 }
279
280 /// A shorthand version of getNoteTag that doesn't require you to accept
281 /// the arguments when you don't need it.
282 ///
283 /// @param Cb Callback without parameters.
284 /// @param IsPrunable Whether the note is prunable. It allows BugReporter
285 /// to omit the note from the report if it would make the displayed
286 /// bug path significantly shorter.
287 const NoteTag *getNoteTag(std::function<std::string()> &&Cb,
288 bool IsPrunable = false) {
289 return getNoteTag([Cb](BugReporterContext &,
290 PathSensitiveBugReport &) { return Cb(); },
291 IsPrunable);
292 }
293
294 /// A shorthand version of getNoteTag that accepts a plain note.
295 ///
296 /// @param Note The note.
297 /// @param IsPrunable Whether the note is prunable. It allows BugReporter
298 /// to omit the note from the report if it would make the displayed
299 /// bug path significantly shorter.
300 const NoteTag *getNoteTag(StringRef Note, bool IsPrunable = false) {
301 return getNoteTag(
302 [Note](BugReporterContext &,
303 PathSensitiveBugReport &) { return std::string(Note); },
304 IsPrunable);
305 }
306
307 /// A shorthand version of getNoteTag that accepts a lambda with stream for
308 /// note.
309 ///
310 /// @param Cb Callback with 'BugReport &' and 'llvm::raw_ostream &'.
311 /// @param IsPrunable Whether the note is prunable. It allows BugReporter
312 /// to omit the note from the report if it would make the displayed
313 /// bug path significantly shorter.
314 const NoteTag *getNoteTag(
315 std::function<void(PathSensitiveBugReport &BR, llvm::raw_ostream &OS)> &&Cb,
316 bool IsPrunable = false) {
317 return getNoteTag(
318 [Cb](PathSensitiveBugReport &BR) -> std::string {
4
Calling copy constructor for 'function<void (clang::ento::PathSensitiveBugReport &, llvm::raw_ostream &)>'
16
Returning from copy constructor for 'function<void (clang::ento::PathSensitiveBugReport &, llvm::raw_ostream &)>'
17
Potential memory leak
319 llvm::SmallString<128> Str;
320 llvm::raw_svector_ostream OS(Str);
321 Cb(BR, OS);
322 return std::string(OS.str());
323 },
324 IsPrunable);
325 }
326
327 /// Returns the word that should be used to refer to the declaration
328 /// in the report.
329 StringRef getDeclDescription(const Decl *D);
330
331 /// Get the declaration of the called function (path-sensitive).
332 const FunctionDecl *getCalleeDecl(const CallExpr *CE) const;
333
334 /// Get the name of the called function (path-sensitive).
335 StringRef getCalleeName(const FunctionDecl *FunDecl) const;
336
337 /// Get the identifier of the called function (path-sensitive).
338 const IdentifierInfo *getCalleeIdentifier(const CallExpr *CE) const {
339 const FunctionDecl *FunDecl = getCalleeDecl(CE);
340 if (FunDecl)
341 return FunDecl->getIdentifier();
342 else
343 return nullptr;
344 }
345
346 /// Get the name of the called function (path-sensitive).
347 StringRef getCalleeName(const CallExpr *CE) const {
348 const FunctionDecl *FunDecl = getCalleeDecl(CE);
349 return getCalleeName(FunDecl);
350 }
351
352 /// Returns true if the callee is an externally-visible function in the
353 /// top-level namespace, such as \c malloc.
354 ///
355 /// If a name is provided, the function must additionally match the given
356 /// name.
357 ///
358 /// Note that this deliberately excludes C++ library functions in the \c std
359 /// namespace, but will include C library functions accessed through the
360 /// \c std namespace. This also does not check if the function is declared
361 /// as 'extern "C"', or if it uses C++ name mangling.
362 static bool isCLibraryFunction(const FunctionDecl *FD,
363 StringRef Name = StringRef());
364
365 /// Depending on wither the location corresponds to a macro, return
366 /// either the macro name or the token spelling.
367 ///
368 /// This could be useful when checkers' logic depends on whether a function
369 /// is called with a given macro argument. For example:
370 /// s = socket(AF_INET,..)
371 /// If AF_INET is a macro, the result should be treated as a source of taint.
372 ///
373 /// \sa clang::Lexer::getSpelling(), clang::Lexer::getImmediateMacroName().
374 StringRef getMacroNameOrSpelling(SourceLocation &Loc);
375
376private:
377 ExplodedNode *addTransitionImpl(ProgramStateRef State,
378 bool MarkAsSink,
379 ExplodedNode *P = nullptr,
380 const ProgramPointTag *Tag = nullptr) {
381 // The analyzer may stop exploring if it sees a state it has previously
382 // visited ("cache out"). The early return here is a defensive check to
383 // prevent accidental caching out by checker API clients. Unless there is a
384 // tag or the client checker has requested that the generated node be
385 // marked as a sink, we assume that a client requesting a transition to a
386 // state that is the same as the predecessor state has made a mistake. We
387 // return the predecessor rather than cache out.
388 //
389 // TODO: We could potentially change the return to an assertion to alert
390 // clients to their mistake, but several checkers (including
391 // DereferenceChecker, CallAndMessageChecker, and DynamicTypePropagation)
392 // rely upon the defensive behavior and would need to be updated.
393 if (!State || (State == Pred->getState() && !Tag && !MarkAsSink))
394 return Pred;
395
396 Changed = true;
397 const ProgramPoint &LocalLoc = (Tag ? Location.withTag(Tag) : Location);
398 if (!P)
399 P = Pred;
400
401 ExplodedNode *node;
402 if (MarkAsSink)
403 node = NB.generateSink(LocalLoc, State, P);
404 else
405 node = NB.generateNode(LocalLoc, State, P);
406 return node;
407 }
408};
409
410} // end GR namespace
411
412} // end clang namespace
413
414#endif

/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/../../../../include/c++/10/bits/std_function.h

1// Implementation of std::function -*- C++ -*-
2
3// Copyright (C) 2004-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4//
5// This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library. This library is free
6// software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
7// terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
8// Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
9// any later version.
10
11// This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
14// GNU General Public License for more details.
15
16// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
17// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
18// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
19
20// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
21// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
22// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
23// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
24
25/** @file include/bits/std_function.h
26 * This is an internal header file, included by other library headers.
27 * Do not attempt to use it directly. @headername{functional}
28 */
29
30#ifndef _GLIBCXX_STD_FUNCTION_H1
31#define _GLIBCXX_STD_FUNCTION_H1 1
32
33#pragma GCC system_header
34
35#if __cplusplus201703L < 201103L
36# include <bits/c++0x_warning.h>
37#else
38
39#if __cpp_rtti199711L
40# include <typeinfo>
41#endif
42#include <bits/stl_function.h>
43#include <bits/invoke.h>
44#include <bits/refwrap.h>
45#include <bits/functexcept.h>
46
47namespace std _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)__attribute__ ((__visibility__ ("default")))
48{
49_GLIBCXX_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_VERSION
50
51 /**
52 * @brief Exception class thrown when class template function's
53 * operator() is called with an empty target.
54 * @ingroup exceptions
55 */
56 class bad_function_call : public std::exception
57 {
58 public:
59 virtual ~bad_function_call() noexcept;
60
61 const char* what() const noexcept;
62 };
63
64 /**
65 * Trait identifying "location-invariant" types, meaning that the
66 * address of the object (or any of its members) will not escape.
67 * Trivially copyable types are location-invariant and users can
68 * specialize this trait for other types.
69 */
70 template<typename _Tp>
71 struct __is_location_invariant
72 : is_trivially_copyable<_Tp>::type
73 { };
74
75 class _Undefined_class;
76
77 union _Nocopy_types
78 {
79 void* _M_object;
80 const void* _M_const_object;
81 void (*_M_function_pointer)();
82 void (_Undefined_class::*_M_member_pointer)();
83 };
84
85 union [[gnu::may_alias]] _Any_data
86 {
87 void* _M_access() { return &_M_pod_data[0]; }
88 const void* _M_access() const { return &_M_pod_data[0]; }
89
90 template<typename _Tp>
91 _Tp&
92 _M_access()
93 { return *static_cast<_Tp*>(_M_access()); }
94
95 template<typename _Tp>
96 const _Tp&
97 _M_access() const
98 { return *static_cast<const _Tp*>(_M_access()); }
99
100 _Nocopy_types _M_unused;
101 char _M_pod_data[sizeof(_Nocopy_types)];
102 };
103
104 enum _Manager_operation
105 {
106 __get_type_info,
107 __get_functor_ptr,
108 __clone_functor,
109 __destroy_functor
110 };
111
112 template<typename _Signature>
113 class function;
114
115 /// Base class of all polymorphic function object wrappers.
116 class _Function_base
117 {
118 public:
119 static const size_t _M_max_size = sizeof(_Nocopy_types);
120 static const size_t _M_max_align = __alignof__(_Nocopy_types);
121
122 template<typename _Functor>
123 class _Base_manager
124 {
125 protected:
126 static const bool __stored_locally =
127 (__is_location_invariant<_Functor>::value
128 && sizeof(_Functor) <= _M_max_size
129 && __alignof__(_Functor) <= _M_max_align
130 && (_M_max_align % __alignof__(_Functor) == 0));
131
132 typedef integral_constant<bool, __stored_locally> _Local_storage;
133
134 // Retrieve a pointer to the function object
135 static _Functor*
136 _M_get_pointer(const _Any_data& __source)
137 {
138 if _GLIBCXX17_CONSTEXPRconstexpr (__stored_locally)
139 {
140 const _Functor& __f = __source._M_access<_Functor>();
141 return const_cast<_Functor*>(std::__addressof(__f));
142 }
143 else // have stored a pointer
144 return __source._M_access<_Functor*>();
145 }
146
147 // Clone a location-invariant function object that fits within
148 // an _Any_data structure.
149 static void
150 _M_clone(_Any_data& __dest, const _Any_data& __source, true_type)
151 {
152 ::new (__dest._M_access()) _Functor(__source._M_access<_Functor>());
153 }
154
155 // Clone a function object that is not location-invariant or
156 // that cannot fit into an _Any_data structure.
157 static void
158 _M_clone(_Any_data& __dest, const _Any_data& __source, false_type)
159 {
160 __dest._M_access<_Functor*>() =
161 new _Functor(*__source._M_access<const _Functor*>());
11
Memory is allocated
162 }
163
164 // Destroying a location-invariant object may still require
165 // destruction.
166 static void
167 _M_destroy(_Any_data& __victim, true_type)
168 {
169 __victim._M_access<_Functor>().~_Functor();
170 }
171
172 // Destroying an object located on the heap.
173 static void
174 _M_destroy(_Any_data& __victim, false_type)
175 {
176 delete __victim._M_access<_Functor*>();
177 }
178
179 public:
180 static bool
181 _M_manager(_Any_data& __dest, const _Any_data& __source,
182 _Manager_operation __op)
183 {
184 switch (__op)
9
Control jumps to 'case __clone_functor:' at line 195
185 {
186#if __cpp_rtti199711L
187 case __get_type_info:
188 __dest._M_access<const type_info*>() = &typeid(_Functor);
189 break;
190#endif
191 case __get_functor_ptr:
192 __dest._M_access<_Functor*>() = _M_get_pointer(__source);
193 break;
194
195 case __clone_functor:
196 _M_clone(__dest, __source, _Local_storage());
10
Calling '_Base_manager::_M_clone'
12
Returned allocated memory
197 break;
198
199 case __destroy_functor:
200 _M_destroy(__dest, _Local_storage());
201 break;
202 }
203 return false;
13
Execution continues on line 203
204 }
205
206 static void
207 _M_init_functor(_Any_data& __functor, _Functor&& __f)
208 { _M_init_functor(__functor, std::move(__f), _Local_storage()); }
209
210 template<typename _Signature>
211 static bool
212 _M_not_empty_function(const function<_Signature>& __f)
213 { return static_cast<bool>(__f); }
214
215 template<typename _Tp>
216 static bool
217 _M_not_empty_function(_Tp* __fp)
218 { return __fp != nullptr; }
219
220 template<typename _Class, typename _Tp>
221 static bool
222 _M_not_empty_function(_Tp _Class::* __mp)
223 { return __mp != nullptr; }
224
225 template<typename _Tp>
226 static bool
227 _M_not_empty_function(const _Tp&)
228 { return true; }
229
230 private:
231 static void
232 _M_init_functor(_Any_data& __functor, _Functor&& __f, true_type)
233 { ::new (__functor._M_access()) _Functor(std::move(__f)); }
234
235 static void
236 _M_init_functor(_Any_data& __functor, _Functor&& __f, false_type)
237 { __functor._M_access<_Functor*>() = new _Functor(std::move(__f)); }
238 };
239
240 _Function_base() : _M_manager(nullptr) { }
241
242 ~_Function_base()
243 {
244 if (_M_manager)
245 _M_manager(_M_functor, _M_functor, __destroy_functor);
246 }
247
248 bool _M_empty() const { return !_M_manager; }
249
250 typedef bool (*_Manager_type)(_Any_data&, const _Any_data&,
251 _Manager_operation);
252
253 _Any_data _M_functor;
254 _Manager_type _M_manager;
255 };
256
257 template<typename _Signature, typename _Functor>
258 class _Function_handler;
259
260 template<typename _Res, typename _Functor, typename... _ArgTypes>
261 class _Function_handler<_Res(_ArgTypes...), _Functor>
262 : public _Function_base::_Base_manager<_Functor>
263 {
264 typedef _Function_base::_Base_manager<_Functor> _Base;
265
266 public:
267 static bool
268 _M_manager(_Any_data& __dest, const _Any_data& __source,
269 _Manager_operation __op)
270 {
271 switch (__op)
7
Control jumps to the 'default' case at line 282
272 {
273#if __cpp_rtti199711L
274 case __get_type_info:
275 __dest._M_access<const type_info*>() = &typeid(_Functor);
276 break;
277#endif
278 case __get_functor_ptr:
279 __dest._M_access<_Functor*>() = _Base::_M_get_pointer(__source);
280 break;
281
282 default:
283 _Base::_M_manager(__dest, __source, __op);
8
Calling '_Base_manager::_M_manager'
14
Returned allocated memory
284 }
285 return false;
286 }
287
288 static _Res
289 _M_invoke(const _Any_data& __functor, _ArgTypes&&... __args)
290 {
291 return std::__invoke_r<_Res>(*_Base::_M_get_pointer(__functor),
292 std::forward<_ArgTypes>(__args)...);
293 }
294 };
295
296 /**
297 * @brief Primary class template for std::function.
298 * @ingroup functors
299 *
300 * Polymorphic function wrapper.
301 */
302 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
303 class function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>
304 : public _Maybe_unary_or_binary_function<_Res, _ArgTypes...>,
305 private _Function_base
306 {
307 template<typename _Func,
308 typename _Res2 = __invoke_result<_Func&, _ArgTypes...>>
309 struct _Callable
310 : __is_invocable_impl<_Res2, _Res>::type
311 { };
312
313 // Used so the return type convertibility checks aren't done when
314 // performing overload resolution for copy construction/assignment.
315 template<typename _Tp>
316 struct _Callable<function, _Tp> : false_type { };
317
318 template<typename _Cond, typename _Tp>
319 using _Requires = typename enable_if<_Cond::value, _Tp>::type;
320
321 public:
322 typedef _Res result_type;
323
324 // [3.7.2.1] construct/copy/destroy
325
326 /**
327 * @brief Default construct creates an empty function call wrapper.
328 * @post @c !(bool)*this
329 */
330 function() noexcept
331 : _Function_base() { }
332
333 /**
334 * @brief Creates an empty function call wrapper.
335 * @post @c !(bool)*this
336 */
337 function(nullptr_t) noexcept
338 : _Function_base() { }
339
340 /**
341 * @brief %Function copy constructor.
342 * @param __x A %function object with identical call signature.
343 * @post @c bool(*this) == bool(__x)
344 *
345 * The newly-created %function contains a copy of the target of @a
346 * __x (if it has one).
347 */
348 function(const function& __x);
349
350 /**
351 * @brief %Function move constructor.
352 * @param __x A %function object rvalue with identical call signature.
353 *
354 * The newly-created %function contains the target of @a __x
355 * (if it has one).
356 */
357 function(function&& __x) noexcept : _Function_base()
358 {
359 __x.swap(*this);
360 }
361
362 /**
363 * @brief Builds a %function that targets a copy of the incoming
364 * function object.
365 * @param __f A %function object that is callable with parameters of
366 * type @c T1, @c T2, ..., @c TN and returns a value convertible
367 * to @c Res.
368 *
369 * The newly-created %function object will target a copy of
370 * @a __f. If @a __f is @c reference_wrapper<F>, then this function
371 * object will contain a reference to the function object @c
372 * __f.get(). If @a __f is a NULL function pointer or NULL
373 * pointer-to-member, the newly-created object will be empty.
374 *
375 * If @a __f is a non-NULL function pointer or an object of type @c
376 * reference_wrapper<F>, this function will not throw.
377 */
378 template<typename _Functor,
379 typename = _Requires<__not_<is_same<_Functor, function>>, void>,
380 typename = _Requires<_Callable<_Functor>, void>>
381 function(_Functor);
382
383 /**
384 * @brief %Function assignment operator.
385 * @param __x A %function with identical call signature.
386 * @post @c (bool)*this == (bool)x
387 * @returns @c *this
388 *
389 * The target of @a __x is copied to @c *this. If @a __x has no
390 * target, then @c *this will be empty.
391 *
392 * If @a __x targets a function pointer or a reference to a function
393 * object, then this operation will not throw an %exception.
394 */
395 function&
396 operator=(const function& __x)
397 {
398 function(__x).swap(*this);
399 return *this;
400 }
401
402 /**
403 * @brief %Function move-assignment operator.
404 * @param __x A %function rvalue with identical call signature.
405 * @returns @c *this
406 *
407 * The target of @a __x is moved to @c *this. If @a __x has no
408 * target, then @c *this will be empty.
409 *
410 * If @a __x targets a function pointer or a reference to a function
411 * object, then this operation will not throw an %exception.
412 */
413 function&
414 operator=(function&& __x) noexcept
415 {
416 function(std::move(__x)).swap(*this);
417 return *this;
418 }
419
420 /**
421 * @brief %Function assignment to zero.
422 * @post @c !(bool)*this
423 * @returns @c *this
424 *
425 * The target of @c *this is deallocated, leaving it empty.
426 */
427 function&
428 operator=(nullptr_t) noexcept
429 {
430 if (_M_manager)
431 {
432 _M_manager(_M_functor, _M_functor, __destroy_functor);
433 _M_manager = nullptr;
434 _M_invoker = nullptr;
435 }
436 return *this;
437 }
438
439 /**
440 * @brief %Function assignment to a new target.
441 * @param __f A %function object that is callable with parameters of
442 * type @c T1, @c T2, ..., @c TN and returns a value convertible
443 * to @c Res.
444 * @return @c *this
445 *
446 * This %function object wrapper will target a copy of @a
447 * __f. If @a __f is @c reference_wrapper<F>, then this function
448 * object will contain a reference to the function object @c
449 * __f.get(). If @a __f is a NULL function pointer or NULL
450 * pointer-to-member, @c this object will be empty.
451 *
452 * If @a __f is a non-NULL function pointer or an object of type @c
453 * reference_wrapper<F>, this function will not throw.
454 */
455 template<typename _Functor>
456 _Requires<_Callable<typename decay<_Functor>::type>, function&>
457 operator=(_Functor&& __f)
458 {
459 function(std::forward<_Functor>(__f)).swap(*this);
460 return *this;
461 }
462
463 /// @overload
464 template<typename _Functor>
465 function&
466 operator=(reference_wrapper<_Functor> __f) noexcept
467 {
468 function(__f).swap(*this);
469 return *this;
470 }
471
472 // [3.7.2.2] function modifiers
473
474 /**
475 * @brief Swap the targets of two %function objects.
476 * @param __x A %function with identical call signature.
477 *
478 * Swap the targets of @c this function object and @a __f. This
479 * function will not throw an %exception.
480 */
481 void swap(function& __x) noexcept
482 {
483 std::swap(_M_functor, __x._M_functor);
484 std::swap(_M_manager, __x._M_manager);
485 std::swap(_M_invoker, __x._M_invoker);
486 }
487
488 // [3.7.2.3] function capacity
489
490 /**
491 * @brief Determine if the %function wrapper has a target.
492 *
493 * @return @c true when this %function object contains a target,
494 * or @c false when it is empty.
495 *
496 * This function will not throw an %exception.
497 */
498 explicit operator bool() const noexcept
499 { return !_M_empty(); }
500
501 // [3.7.2.4] function invocation
502
503 /**
504 * @brief Invokes the function targeted by @c *this.
505 * @returns the result of the target.
506 * @throws bad_function_call when @c !(bool)*this
507 *
508 * The function call operator invokes the target function object
509 * stored by @c this.
510 */
511 _Res operator()(_ArgTypes... __args) const;
512
513#if __cpp_rtti199711L
514 // [3.7.2.5] function target access
515 /**
516 * @brief Determine the type of the target of this function object
517 * wrapper.
518 *
519 * @returns the type identifier of the target function object, or
520 * @c typeid(void) if @c !(bool)*this.
521 *
522 * This function will not throw an %exception.
523 */
524 const type_info& target_type() const noexcept;
525
526 /**
527 * @brief Access the stored target function object.
528 *
529 * @return Returns a pointer to the stored target function object,
530 * if @c typeid(_Functor).equals(target_type()); otherwise, a NULL
531 * pointer.
532 *
533 * This function does not throw exceptions.
534 *
535 * @{
536 */
537 template<typename _Functor> _Functor* target() noexcept;
538
539 template<typename _Functor> const _Functor* target() const noexcept;
540 // @}
541#endif
542
543 private:
544 using _Invoker_type = _Res (*)(const _Any_data&, _ArgTypes&&...);
545 _Invoker_type _M_invoker;
546 };
547
548#if __cpp_deduction_guides201703L >= 201606
549 template<typename>
550 struct __function_guide_helper
551 { };
552
553 template<typename _Res, typename _Tp, bool _Nx, typename... _Args>
554 struct __function_guide_helper<
555 _Res (_Tp::*) (_Args...) noexcept(_Nx)
556 >
557 { using type = _Res(_Args...); };
558
559 template<typename _Res, typename _Tp, bool _Nx, typename... _Args>
560 struct __function_guide_helper<
561 _Res (_Tp::*) (_Args...) & noexcept(_Nx)
562 >
563 { using type = _Res(_Args...); };
564
565 template<typename _Res, typename _Tp, bool _Nx, typename... _Args>
566 struct __function_guide_helper<
567 _Res (_Tp::*) (_Args...) const noexcept(_Nx)
568 >
569 { using type = _Res(_Args...); };
570
571 template<typename _Res, typename _Tp, bool _Nx, typename... _Args>
572 struct __function_guide_helper<
573 _Res (_Tp::*) (_Args...) const & noexcept(_Nx)
574 >
575 { using type = _Res(_Args...); };
576
577 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
578 function(_Res(*)(_ArgTypes...)) -> function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>;
579
580 template<typename _Functor, typename _Signature = typename
581 __function_guide_helper<decltype(&_Functor::operator())>::type>
582 function(_Functor) -> function<_Signature>;
583#endif
584
585 // Out-of-line member definitions.
586 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
587 function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>::
588 function(const function& __x)
589 : _Function_base()
590 {
591 if (static_cast<bool>(__x))
5
Taking true branch
592 {
593 __x._M_manager(_M_functor, __x._M_functor, __clone_functor);
6
Calling '_Function_handler::_M_manager'
15
Returned allocated memory
594 _M_invoker = __x._M_invoker;
595 _M_manager = __x._M_manager;
596 }
597 }
598
599 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
600 template<typename _Functor, typename, typename>
601 function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>::
602 function(_Functor __f)
603 : _Function_base()
604 {
605 typedef _Function_handler<_Res(_ArgTypes...), _Functor> _My_handler;
606
607 if (_My_handler::_M_not_empty_function(__f))
608 {
609 _My_handler::_M_init_functor(_M_functor, std::move(__f));
610 _M_invoker = &_My_handler::_M_invoke;
611 _M_manager = &_My_handler::_M_manager;
612 }
613 }
614
615 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
616 _Res
617 function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>::
618 operator()(_ArgTypes... __args) const
619 {
620 if (_M_empty())
621 __throw_bad_function_call();
622 return _M_invoker(_M_functor, std::forward<_ArgTypes>(__args)...);
623 }
624
625#if __cpp_rtti199711L
626 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
627 const type_info&
628 function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>::
629 target_type() const noexcept
630 {
631 if (_M_manager)
632 {
633 _Any_data __typeinfo_result;
634 _M_manager(__typeinfo_result, _M_functor, __get_type_info);
635 return *__typeinfo_result._M_access<const type_info*>();
636 }
637 else
638 return typeid(void);
639 }
640
641 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
642 template<typename _Functor>
643 _Functor*
644 function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>::
645 target() noexcept
646 {
647 const function* __const_this = this;
648 const _Functor* __func = __const_this->template target<_Functor>();
649 return const_cast<_Functor*>(__func);
650 }
651
652 template<typename _Res, typename... _ArgTypes>
653 template<typename _Functor>
654 const _Functor*
655 function<_Res(_ArgTypes...)>::
656 target() const noexcept
657 {
658 if (typeid(_Functor) == target_type() && _M_manager)
659 {
660 _Any_data __ptr;
661 _M_manager(__ptr, _M_functor, __get_functor_ptr);
662 return __ptr._M_access<const _Functor*>();
663 }
664 else
665 return nullptr;
666 }
667#endif
668
669 // [20.7.15.2.6] null pointer comparisons
670
671 /**
672 * @brief Compares a polymorphic function object wrapper against 0
673 * (the NULL pointer).
674 * @returns @c true if the wrapper has no target, @c false otherwise
675 *
676 * This function will not throw an %exception.
677 */
678 template<typename _Res, typename... _Args>
679 inline bool
680 operator==(const function<_Res(_Args...)>& __f, nullptr_t) noexcept
681 { return !static_cast<bool>(__f); }
682
683#if __cpp_impl_three_way_comparison < 201907L
684 /// @overload
685 template<typename _Res, typename... _Args>
686 inline bool
687 operator==(nullptr_t, const function<_Res(_Args...)>& __f) noexcept
688 { return !static_cast<bool>(__f); }
689
690 /**
691 * @brief Compares a polymorphic function object wrapper against 0
692 * (the NULL pointer).
693 * @returns @c false if the wrapper has no target, @c true otherwise
694 *
695 * This function will not throw an %exception.
696 */
697 template<typename _Res, typename... _Args>
698 inline bool
699 operator!=(const function<_Res(_Args...)>& __f, nullptr_t) noexcept
700 { return static_cast<bool>(__f); }
701
702 /// @overload
703 template<typename _Res, typename... _Args>
704 inline bool
705 operator!=(nullptr_t, const function<_Res(_Args...)>& __f) noexcept
706 { return static_cast<bool>(__f); }
707#endif
708
709 // [20.7.15.2.7] specialized algorithms
710
711 /**
712 * @brief Swap the targets of two polymorphic function object wrappers.
713 *
714 * This function will not throw an %exception.
715 */
716 // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
717 // 2062. Effect contradictions w/o no-throw guarantee of std::function swaps
718 template<typename _Res, typename... _Args>
719 inline void
720 swap(function<_Res(_Args...)>& __x, function<_Res(_Args...)>& __y) noexcept
721 { __x.swap(__y); }
722
723#if __cplusplus201703L >= 201703L
724 namespace __detail::__variant
725 {
726 template<typename> struct _Never_valueless_alt; // see <variant>
727
728 // Provide the strong exception-safety guarantee when emplacing a
729 // function into a variant.
730 template<typename _Signature>
731 struct _Never_valueless_alt<std::function<_Signature>>
732 : std::true_type
733 { };
734 } // namespace __detail::__variant
735#endif // C++17
736
737_GLIBCXX_END_NAMESPACE_VERSION
738} // namespace std
739
740#endif // C++11
741#endif // _GLIBCXX_STD_FUNCTION_H