LLVM API Documentation

MCAsmInfo.h
Go to the documentation of this file.
00001 //===-- llvm/MC/MCAsmInfo.h - Asm info --------------------------*- C++ -*-===//
00002 //
00003 //                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
00004 //
00005 // This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
00006 // License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
00007 //
00008 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
00009 //
00010 // This file contains a class to be used as the basis for target specific
00011 // asm writers.  This class primarily takes care of global printing constants,
00012 // which are used in very similar ways across all targets.
00013 //
00014 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
00015 
00016 #ifndef LLVM_MC_MCASMINFO_H
00017 #define LLVM_MC_MCASMINFO_H
00018 
00019 #include "llvm/MC/MCDirectives.h"
00020 #include "llvm/MC/MCDwarf.h"
00021 #include "llvm/MC/MachineLocation.h"
00022 #include <cassert>
00023 #include <vector>
00024 
00025 namespace llvm {
00026 class MCExpr;
00027 class MCSection;
00028 class MCStreamer;
00029 class MCSymbol;
00030 class MCContext;
00031 
00032 namespace WinEH {
00033 enum class EncodingType {
00034   Invalid, /// Invalid
00035   Alpha,   /// Windows Alpha
00036   Alpha64, /// Windows AXP64
00037   ARM,     /// Windows NT (Windows on ARM)
00038   CE,      /// Windows CE ARM, PowerPC, SH3, SH4
00039   Itanium, /// Windows x64, Windows Itanium (IA-64)
00040   MIPS = Alpha,
00041 };
00042 }
00043 
00044 enum class ExceptionHandling {
00045   None,     /// No exception support
00046   DwarfCFI, /// DWARF-like instruction based exceptions
00047   SjLj,     /// setjmp/longjmp based exceptions
00048   ARM,      /// ARM EHABI
00049   WinEH,    /// Windows Exception Handling
00050 };
00051 
00052 namespace LCOMM {
00053 enum LCOMMType { NoAlignment, ByteAlignment, Log2Alignment };
00054 }
00055 
00056 /// This class is intended to be used as a base class for asm
00057 /// properties and features specific to the target.
00058 class MCAsmInfo {
00059 protected:
00060   //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
00061   // Properties to be set by the target writer, used to configure asm printer.
00062   //
00063 
00064   /// Pointer size in bytes.  Default is 4.
00065   unsigned PointerSize;
00066 
00067   /// Size of the stack slot reserved for callee-saved registers, in bytes.
00068   /// Default is same as pointer size.
00069   unsigned CalleeSaveStackSlotSize;
00070 
00071   /// True if target is little endian.  Default is true.
00072   bool IsLittleEndian;
00073 
00074   /// True if target stack grow up.  Default is false.
00075   bool StackGrowsUp;
00076 
00077   /// True if this target has the MachO .subsections_via_symbols directive.
00078   /// Default is false.
00079   bool HasSubsectionsViaSymbols;
00080 
00081   /// True if this is a MachO target that supports the macho-specific .zerofill
00082   /// directive for emitting BSS Symbols.  Default is false.
00083   bool HasMachoZeroFillDirective;
00084 
00085   /// True if this is a MachO target that supports the macho-specific .tbss
00086   /// directive for emitting thread local BSS Symbols.  Default is false.
00087   bool HasMachoTBSSDirective;
00088 
00089   /// True if the compiler should emit a ".reference .constructors_used" or
00090   /// ".reference .destructors_used" directive after the static ctor/dtor
00091   /// list.  This directive is only emitted in Static relocation model.  Default
00092   /// is false.
00093   bool HasStaticCtorDtorReferenceInStaticMode;
00094 
00095   /// This is the maximum possible length of an instruction, which is needed to
00096   /// compute the size of an inline asm.  Defaults to 4.
00097   unsigned MaxInstLength;
00098 
00099   /// Every possible instruction length is a multiple of this value.  Factored
00100   /// out in .debug_frame and .debug_line.  Defaults to 1.
00101   unsigned MinInstAlignment;
00102 
00103   /// The '$' token, when not referencing an identifier or constant, refers to
00104   /// the current PC.  Defaults to false.
00105   bool DollarIsPC;
00106 
00107   /// This string, if specified, is used to separate instructions from each
00108   /// other when on the same line.  Defaults to ';'
00109   const char *SeparatorString;
00110 
00111   /// This indicates the comment character used by the assembler.  Defaults to
00112   /// "#"
00113   const char *CommentString;
00114 
00115   /// This is appended to emitted labels.  Defaults to ":"
00116   const char *LabelSuffix;
00117 
00118   // Print the EH begin symbol with an assignment. Defaults to false.
00119   bool UseAssignmentForEHBegin;
00120 
00121   /// This prefix is used for globals like constant pool entries that are
00122   /// completely private to the .s file and should not have names in the .o
00123   /// file.  Defaults to "L"
00124   const char *PrivateGlobalPrefix;
00125 
00126   /// This prefix is used for symbols that should be passed through the
00127   /// assembler but be removed by the linker.  This is 'l' on Darwin, currently
00128   /// used for some ObjC metadata.  The default of "" meast that for this system
00129   /// a plain private symbol should be used.  Defaults to "".
00130   const char *LinkerPrivateGlobalPrefix;
00131 
00132   /// If these are nonempty, they contain a directive to emit before and after
00133   /// an inline assembly statement.  Defaults to "#APP\n", "#NO_APP\n"
00134   const char *InlineAsmStart;
00135   const char *InlineAsmEnd;
00136 
00137   /// These are assembly directives that tells the assembler to interpret the
00138   /// following instructions differently.  Defaults to ".code16", ".code32",
00139   /// ".code64".
00140   const char *Code16Directive;
00141   const char *Code32Directive;
00142   const char *Code64Directive;
00143 
00144   /// Which dialect of an assembler variant to use.  Defaults to 0
00145   unsigned AssemblerDialect;
00146 
00147   /// This is true if the assembler allows @ characters in symbol names.
00148   /// Defaults to false.
00149   bool AllowAtInName;
00150 
00151   /// This is true if data region markers should be printed as
00152   /// ".data_region/.end_data_region" directives. If false, use "$d/$a" labels
00153   /// instead.
00154   bool UseDataRegionDirectives;
00155 
00156   //===--- Data Emission Directives -------------------------------------===//
00157 
00158   /// This should be set to the directive used to get some number of zero bytes
00159   /// emitted to the current section.  Common cases are "\t.zero\t" and
00160   /// "\t.space\t".  If this is set to null, the Data*bitsDirective's will be
00161   /// used to emit zero bytes.  Defaults to "\t.zero\t"
00162   const char *ZeroDirective;
00163 
00164   /// This directive allows emission of an ascii string with the standard C
00165   /// escape characters embedded into it.  Defaults to "\t.ascii\t"
00166   const char *AsciiDirective;
00167 
00168   /// If not null, this allows for special handling of zero terminated strings
00169   /// on this target.  This is commonly supported as ".asciz".  If a target
00170   /// doesn't support this, it can be set to null.  Defaults to "\t.asciz\t"
00171   const char *AscizDirective;
00172 
00173   /// These directives are used to output some unit of integer data to the
00174   /// current section.  If a data directive is set to null, smaller data
00175   /// directives will be used to emit the large sizes.  Defaults to "\t.byte\t",
00176   /// "\t.short\t", "\t.long\t", "\t.quad\t"
00177   const char *Data8bitsDirective;
00178   const char *Data16bitsDirective;
00179   const char *Data32bitsDirective;
00180   const char *Data64bitsDirective;
00181 
00182   /// If non-null, a directive that is used to emit a word which should be
00183   /// relocated as a 64-bit GP-relative offset, e.g. .gpdword on Mips.  Defaults
00184   /// to NULL.
00185   const char *GPRel64Directive;
00186 
00187   /// If non-null, a directive that is used to emit a word which should be
00188   /// relocated as a 32-bit GP-relative offset, e.g. .gpword on Mips or .gprel32
00189   /// on Alpha.  Defaults to NULL.
00190   const char *GPRel32Directive;
00191 
00192   /// This is true if this target uses "Sun Style" syntax for section switching
00193   /// ("#alloc,#write" etc) instead of the normal ELF syntax (,"a,w") in
00194   /// .section directives.  Defaults to false.
00195   bool SunStyleELFSectionSwitchSyntax;
00196 
00197   /// This is true if this target uses ELF '.section' directive before the
00198   /// '.bss' one. It's used for PPC/Linux which doesn't support the '.bss'
00199   /// directive only.  Defaults to false.
00200   bool UsesELFSectionDirectiveForBSS;
00201 
00202   bool NeedsDwarfSectionOffsetDirective;
00203 
00204   //===--- Alignment Information ----------------------------------------===//
00205 
00206   /// If this is true (the default) then the asmprinter emits ".align N"
00207   /// directives, where N is the number of bytes to align to.  Otherwise, it
00208   /// emits ".align log2(N)", e.g. 3 to align to an 8 byte boundary.  Defaults
00209   /// to true.
00210   bool AlignmentIsInBytes;
00211 
00212   /// If non-zero, this is used to fill the executable space created as the
00213   /// result of a alignment directive.  Defaults to 0
00214   unsigned TextAlignFillValue;
00215 
00216   //===--- Global Variable Emission Directives --------------------------===//
00217 
00218   /// This is the directive used to declare a global entity.  Defaults to NULL.
00219   const char *GlobalDirective;
00220 
00221   /// True if the expression
00222   ///   .long f - g
00223   /// uses an relocation but it can be supressed by writting
00224   ///   a = f - g
00225   ///   .long a
00226   bool SetDirectiveSuppressesReloc;
00227 
00228   /// False if the assembler requires that we use
00229   /// \code
00230   ///   Lc = a - b
00231   ///   .long Lc
00232   /// \endcode
00233   //
00234   /// instead of
00235   //
00236   /// \code
00237   ///   .long a - b
00238   /// \endcode
00239   ///
00240   ///  Defaults to true.
00241   bool HasAggressiveSymbolFolding;
00242 
00243   /// True is .comm's and .lcomms optional alignment is to be specified in bytes
00244   /// instead of log2(n).  Defaults to true.
00245   bool COMMDirectiveAlignmentIsInBytes;
00246 
00247   /// Describes if the .lcomm directive for the target supports an alignment
00248   /// argument and how it is interpreted.  Defaults to NoAlignment.
00249   LCOMM::LCOMMType LCOMMDirectiveAlignmentType;
00250 
00251   /// True if the target has .type and .size directives, this is true for most
00252   /// ELF targets.  Defaults to true.
00253   bool HasDotTypeDotSizeDirective;
00254 
00255   /// True if the target has a single parameter .file directive, this is true
00256   /// for ELF targets.  Defaults to true.
00257   bool HasSingleParameterDotFile;
00258 
00259   /// True if the target has a .ident directive, this is true for ELF targets.
00260   /// Defaults to false.
00261   bool HasIdentDirective;
00262 
00263   /// True if this target supports the MachO .no_dead_strip directive.  Defaults
00264   /// to false.
00265   bool HasNoDeadStrip;
00266 
00267   /// This directive, if non-null, is used to declare a global as being a weak
00268   /// undefined symbol.  Defaults to NULL.
00269   const char *WeakRefDirective;
00270 
00271   /// True if we have a directive to declare a global as being a weak defined
00272   /// symbol.  Defaults to false.
00273   bool HasWeakDefDirective;
00274 
00275   /// True if we have a directive to declare a global as being a weak defined
00276   /// symbol that can be hidden (unexported).  Defaults to false.
00277   bool HasWeakDefCanBeHiddenDirective;
00278 
00279   /// True if we have a .linkonce directive.  This is used on cygwin/mingw.
00280   /// Defaults to false.
00281   bool HasLinkOnceDirective;
00282 
00283   /// This attribute, if not MCSA_Invalid, is used to declare a symbol as having
00284   /// hidden visibility.  Defaults to MCSA_Hidden.
00285   MCSymbolAttr HiddenVisibilityAttr;
00286 
00287   /// This attribute, if not MCSA_Invalid, is used to declare an undefined
00288   /// symbol as having hidden visibility. Defaults to MCSA_Hidden.
00289   MCSymbolAttr HiddenDeclarationVisibilityAttr;
00290 
00291   /// This attribute, if not MCSA_Invalid, is used to declare a symbol as having
00292   /// protected visibility.  Defaults to MCSA_Protected
00293   MCSymbolAttr ProtectedVisibilityAttr;
00294 
00295   //===--- Dwarf Emission Directives -----------------------------------===//
00296 
00297   /// True if target supports emission of debugging information.  Defaults to
00298   /// false.
00299   bool SupportsDebugInformation;
00300 
00301   /// Exception handling format for the target.  Defaults to None.
00302   ExceptionHandling ExceptionsType;
00303 
00304   /// Windows exception handling data (.pdata) encoding.  Defaults to Invalid.
00305   WinEH::EncodingType WinEHEncodingType;
00306 
00307   /// True if Dwarf2 output generally uses relocations for references to other
00308   /// .debug_* sections.
00309   bool DwarfUsesRelocationsAcrossSections;
00310 
00311   /// True if DWARF FDE symbol reference relocations should be replaced by an
00312   /// absolute difference.
00313   bool DwarfFDESymbolsUseAbsDiff;
00314 
00315   /// True if dwarf register numbers are printed instead of symbolic register
00316   /// names in .cfi_* directives.  Defaults to false.
00317   bool DwarfRegNumForCFI;
00318 
00319   /// True if target uses parens to indicate the symbol variant instead of @.
00320   /// For example, foo(plt) instead of foo@plt.  Defaults to false.
00321   bool UseParensForSymbolVariant;
00322 
00323   //===--- Prologue State ----------------------------------------------===//
00324 
00325   std::vector<MCCFIInstruction> InitialFrameState;
00326 
00327   //===--- Integrated Assembler State ----------------------------------===//
00328 
00329   /// Should we use the integrated assembler?
00330   /// The integrated assembler should be enabled by default (by the
00331   /// constructors) when failing to parse a valid piece of assembly (inline
00332   /// or otherwise) is considered a bug. It may then be overridden after
00333   /// construction (see LLVMTargetMachine::initAsmInfo()).
00334   bool UseIntegratedAssembler;
00335 
00336   /// Compress DWARF debug sections. Defaults to false.
00337   bool CompressDebugSections;
00338 
00339 public:
00340   explicit MCAsmInfo();
00341   virtual ~MCAsmInfo();
00342 
00343   /// Get the pointer size in bytes.
00344   unsigned getPointerSize() const { return PointerSize; }
00345 
00346   /// Get the callee-saved register stack slot
00347   /// size in bytes.
00348   unsigned getCalleeSaveStackSlotSize() const {
00349     return CalleeSaveStackSlotSize;
00350   }
00351 
00352   /// True if the target is little endian.
00353   bool isLittleEndian() const { return IsLittleEndian; }
00354 
00355   /// True if target stack grow up.
00356   bool isStackGrowthDirectionUp() const { return StackGrowsUp; }
00357 
00358   bool hasSubsectionsViaSymbols() const { return HasSubsectionsViaSymbols; }
00359 
00360   // Data directive accessors.
00361 
00362   const char *getData8bitsDirective() const { return Data8bitsDirective; }
00363   const char *getData16bitsDirective() const { return Data16bitsDirective; }
00364   const char *getData32bitsDirective() const { return Data32bitsDirective; }
00365   const char *getData64bitsDirective() const { return Data64bitsDirective; }
00366   const char *getGPRel64Directive() const { return GPRel64Directive; }
00367   const char *getGPRel32Directive() const { return GPRel32Directive; }
00368 
00369   /// Targets can implement this method to specify a section to switch to if the
00370   /// translation unit doesn't have any trampolines that require an executable
00371   /// stack.
00372   virtual const MCSection *getNonexecutableStackSection(MCContext &Ctx) const {
00373     return nullptr;
00374   }
00375 
00376   virtual const MCExpr *getExprForPersonalitySymbol(const MCSymbol *Sym,
00377                                                     unsigned Encoding,
00378                                                     MCStreamer &Streamer) const;
00379 
00380   virtual const MCExpr *getExprForFDESymbol(const MCSymbol *Sym,
00381                                             unsigned Encoding,
00382                                             MCStreamer &Streamer) const;
00383 
00384   bool usesSunStyleELFSectionSwitchSyntax() const {
00385     return SunStyleELFSectionSwitchSyntax;
00386   }
00387 
00388   bool usesELFSectionDirectiveForBSS() const {
00389     return UsesELFSectionDirectiveForBSS;
00390   }
00391 
00392   bool needsDwarfSectionOffsetDirective() const {
00393     return NeedsDwarfSectionOffsetDirective;
00394   }
00395 
00396   // Accessors.
00397 
00398   bool hasMachoZeroFillDirective() const { return HasMachoZeroFillDirective; }
00399   bool hasMachoTBSSDirective() const { return HasMachoTBSSDirective; }
00400   bool hasStaticCtorDtorReferenceInStaticMode() const {
00401     return HasStaticCtorDtorReferenceInStaticMode;
00402   }
00403   unsigned getMaxInstLength() const { return MaxInstLength; }
00404   unsigned getMinInstAlignment() const { return MinInstAlignment; }
00405   bool getDollarIsPC() const { return DollarIsPC; }
00406   const char *getSeparatorString() const { return SeparatorString; }
00407 
00408   /// This indicates the column (zero-based) at which asm comments should be
00409   /// printed.
00410   unsigned getCommentColumn() const { return 40; }
00411 
00412   const char *getCommentString() const { return CommentString; }
00413   const char *getLabelSuffix() const { return LabelSuffix; }
00414 
00415   bool useAssignmentForEHBegin() const { return UseAssignmentForEHBegin; }
00416   const char *getPrivateGlobalPrefix() const { return PrivateGlobalPrefix; }
00417   bool hasLinkerPrivateGlobalPrefix() const {
00418     return LinkerPrivateGlobalPrefix[0] != '\0';
00419   }
00420   const char *getLinkerPrivateGlobalPrefix() const {
00421     if (hasLinkerPrivateGlobalPrefix())
00422       return LinkerPrivateGlobalPrefix;
00423     return getPrivateGlobalPrefix();
00424   }
00425   const char *getInlineAsmStart() const { return InlineAsmStart; }
00426   const char *getInlineAsmEnd() const { return InlineAsmEnd; }
00427   const char *getCode16Directive() const { return Code16Directive; }
00428   const char *getCode32Directive() const { return Code32Directive; }
00429   const char *getCode64Directive() const { return Code64Directive; }
00430   unsigned getAssemblerDialect() const { return AssemblerDialect; }
00431   bool doesAllowAtInName() const { return AllowAtInName; }
00432   bool doesSupportDataRegionDirectives() const {
00433     return UseDataRegionDirectives;
00434   }
00435   const char *getZeroDirective() const { return ZeroDirective; }
00436   const char *getAsciiDirective() const { return AsciiDirective; }
00437   const char *getAscizDirective() const { return AscizDirective; }
00438   bool getAlignmentIsInBytes() const { return AlignmentIsInBytes; }
00439   unsigned getTextAlignFillValue() const { return TextAlignFillValue; }
00440   const char *getGlobalDirective() const { return GlobalDirective; }
00441   bool doesSetDirectiveSuppressesReloc() const {
00442     return SetDirectiveSuppressesReloc;
00443   }
00444   bool hasAggressiveSymbolFolding() const { return HasAggressiveSymbolFolding; }
00445   bool getCOMMDirectiveAlignmentIsInBytes() const {
00446     return COMMDirectiveAlignmentIsInBytes;
00447   }
00448   LCOMM::LCOMMType getLCOMMDirectiveAlignmentType() const {
00449     return LCOMMDirectiveAlignmentType;
00450   }
00451   bool hasDotTypeDotSizeDirective() const { return HasDotTypeDotSizeDirective; }
00452   bool hasSingleParameterDotFile() const { return HasSingleParameterDotFile; }
00453   bool hasIdentDirective() const { return HasIdentDirective; }
00454   bool hasNoDeadStrip() const { return HasNoDeadStrip; }
00455   const char *getWeakRefDirective() const { return WeakRefDirective; }
00456   bool hasWeakDefDirective() const { return HasWeakDefDirective; }
00457   bool hasWeakDefCanBeHiddenDirective() const {
00458     return HasWeakDefCanBeHiddenDirective;
00459   }
00460   bool hasLinkOnceDirective() const { return HasLinkOnceDirective; }
00461 
00462   MCSymbolAttr getHiddenVisibilityAttr() const { return HiddenVisibilityAttr; }
00463   MCSymbolAttr getHiddenDeclarationVisibilityAttr() const {
00464     return HiddenDeclarationVisibilityAttr;
00465   }
00466   MCSymbolAttr getProtectedVisibilityAttr() const {
00467     return ProtectedVisibilityAttr;
00468   }
00469   bool doesSupportDebugInformation() const { return SupportsDebugInformation; }
00470   bool doesSupportExceptionHandling() const {
00471     return ExceptionsType != ExceptionHandling::None;
00472   }
00473   ExceptionHandling getExceptionHandlingType() const { return ExceptionsType; }
00474   WinEH::EncodingType getWinEHEncodingType() const { return WinEHEncodingType; }
00475   bool isExceptionHandlingDwarf() const {
00476     return (ExceptionsType == ExceptionHandling::DwarfCFI ||
00477             ExceptionsType == ExceptionHandling::ARM ||
00478             // Windows handler data still uses DWARF LSDA encoding.
00479             ExceptionsType == ExceptionHandling::WinEH);
00480   }
00481   bool doesDwarfUseRelocationsAcrossSections() const {
00482     return DwarfUsesRelocationsAcrossSections;
00483   }
00484   bool doDwarfFDESymbolsUseAbsDiff() const { return DwarfFDESymbolsUseAbsDiff; }
00485   bool useDwarfRegNumForCFI() const { return DwarfRegNumForCFI; }
00486   bool useParensForSymbolVariant() const { return UseParensForSymbolVariant; }
00487 
00488   void addInitialFrameState(const MCCFIInstruction &Inst) {
00489     InitialFrameState.push_back(Inst);
00490   }
00491 
00492   const std::vector<MCCFIInstruction> &getInitialFrameState() const {
00493     return InitialFrameState;
00494   }
00495 
00496   /// Return true if assembly (inline or otherwise) should be parsed.
00497   bool useIntegratedAssembler() const { return UseIntegratedAssembler; }
00498 
00499   /// Set whether assembly (inline or otherwise) should be parsed.
00500   virtual void setUseIntegratedAssembler(bool Value) {
00501     UseIntegratedAssembler = Value;
00502   }
00503 
00504   bool compressDebugSections() const { return CompressDebugSections; }
00505 
00506   void setCompressDebugSections(bool CompressDebugSections) {
00507     this->CompressDebugSections = CompressDebugSections;
00508   }
00509 };
00510 }
00511 
00512 #endif