LLVM 18.0.0git
loongarch.h
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1//= loongarch.h - Generic JITLink loongarch edge kinds, utilities -*- C++ -*-=//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8//
9// Generic utilities for graphs representing loongarch objects.
10//
11//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
12
13#ifndef LLVM_EXECUTIONENGINE_JITLINK_LOONGARCH_H
14#define LLVM_EXECUTIONENGINE_JITLINK_LOONGARCH_H
15
16#include "TableManager.h"
19
20namespace llvm {
21namespace jitlink {
22namespace loongarch {
23
24/// Represents loongarch fixups.
26 /// A plain 64-bit pointer value relocation.
27 ///
28 /// Fixup expression:
29 /// Fixup <- Target + Addend : uint64
30 ///
32
33 /// A plain 32-bit pointer value relocation.
34 ///
35 /// Fixup expression:
36 /// Fixup <- Target + Addend : uint32
37 ///
38 /// Errors:
39 /// - The target must reside in the low 32-bits of the address space,
40 /// otherwise an out-of-range error will be returned.
41 ///
43
44 /// A 26-bit PC-relative branch.
45 ///
46 /// Represents a PC-relative call or branch to a target within +/-128Mb. The
47 /// target must be 4-byte aligned.
48 ///
49 /// Fixup expression:
50 /// Fixup <- (Target - Fixup + Addend) >> 2 : int26
51 ///
52 /// Notes:
53 /// The '26' in the name refers to the number operand bits and follows the
54 /// naming convention used by the corresponding ELF relocations. Since the low
55 /// two bits must be zero (because of the 4-byte alignment of the target) the
56 /// operand is effectively a signed 28-bit number.
57 ///
58 /// Errors:
59 /// - The result of the unshifted part of the fixup expression must be
60 /// 4-byte aligned otherwise an alignment error will be returned.
61 /// - The result of the fixup expression must fit into an int26 otherwise an
62 /// out-of-range error will be returned.
63 ///
65
66 /// A 32-bit delta.
67 ///
68 /// Delta from the fixup to the target.
69 ///
70 /// Fixup expression:
71 /// Fixup <- Target - Fixup + Addend : int32
72 ///
73 /// Errors:
74 /// - The result of the fixup expression must fit into an int32, otherwise
75 /// an out-of-range error will be returned.
76 ///
78
79 /// A 32-bit negative delta.
80 ///
81 /// Delta from the target back to the fixup.
82 ///
83 /// Fixup expression:
84 /// Fixup <- Fixup - Target + Addend : int32
85 ///
86 /// Errors:
87 /// - The result of the fixup expression must fit into an int32, otherwise
88 /// an out-of-range error will be returned.
89 ///
91
92 /// A 64-bit delta.
93 ///
94 /// Delta from the fixup to the target.
95 ///
96 /// Fixup expression:
97 /// Fixup <- Target - Fixup + Addend : int64
98 ///
100
101 /// The signed 20-bit delta from the fixup page to the page containing the
102 /// target.
103 ///
104 /// Fixup expression:
105 /// Fixup <- (((Target + Addend + ((Target + Addend) & 0x800)) & ~0xfff)
106 // - (Fixup & ~0xfff)) >> 12 : int20
107 ///
108 /// Notes:
109 /// For PCALAU12I fixups.
110 ///
111 /// Errors:
112 /// - The result of the fixup expression must fit into an int20 otherwise an
113 /// out-of-range error will be returned.
114 ///
116
117 /// The 12-bit offset of the target within its page.
118 ///
119 /// Typically used to fix up ADDI/LD_W/LD_D immediates.
120 ///
121 /// Fixup expression:
122 /// Fixup <- ((Target + Addend) >> Shift) & 0xfff : int12
123 ///
125
126 /// A GOT entry getter/constructor, transformed to Page20 pointing at the GOT
127 /// entry for the original target.
128 ///
129 /// Indicates that this edge should be transformed into a Page20 targeting
130 /// the GOT entry for the edge's current target, maintaining the same addend.
131 /// A GOT entry for the target should be created if one does not already
132 /// exist.
133 ///
134 /// Edges of this kind are usually handled by a GOT/PLT builder pass inserted
135 /// by default.
136 ///
137 /// Fixup expression:
138 /// NONE
139 ///
140 /// Errors:
141 /// - *ASSERTION* Failure to handle edges of this kind prior to the fixup
142 /// phase will result in an assert/unreachable during the fixup phase.
143 ///
145
146 /// A GOT entry getter/constructor, transformed to Pageoffset12 pointing at
147 /// the GOT entry for the original target.
148 ///
149 /// Indicates that this edge should be transformed into a PageOffset12
150 /// targeting the GOT entry for the edge's current target, maintaining the
151 /// same addend. A GOT entry for the target should be created if one does not
152 /// already exist.
153 ///
154 /// Edges of this kind are usually handled by a GOT/PLT builder pass inserted
155 /// by default.
156 ///
157 /// Fixup expression:
158 /// NONE
159 ///
161};
162
163/// Returns a string name for the given loongarch edge. For debugging purposes
164/// only.
165const char *getEdgeKindName(Edge::Kind K);
166
167// Returns extract bits Val[Hi:Lo].
168inline uint32_t extractBits(uint32_t Val, unsigned Hi, unsigned Lo) {
169 return (Val & (((1UL << (Hi + 1)) - 1))) >> Lo;
170}
171
172/// Apply fixup expression for edge to block content.
173inline Error applyFixup(LinkGraph &G, Block &B, const Edge &E) {
174 using namespace support;
175
176 char *BlockWorkingMem = B.getAlreadyMutableContent().data();
177 char *FixupPtr = BlockWorkingMem + E.getOffset();
178 uint64_t FixupAddress = (B.getAddress() + E.getOffset()).getValue();
179 uint64_t TargetAddress = E.getTarget().getAddress().getValue();
180 int64_t Addend = E.getAddend();
181
182 switch (E.getKind()) {
183 case Pointer64:
184 *(ulittle64_t *)FixupPtr = TargetAddress + Addend;
185 break;
186 case Pointer32: {
187 uint64_t Value = TargetAddress + Addend;
188 if (Value > std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max())
189 return makeTargetOutOfRangeError(G, B, E);
190 *(ulittle32_t *)FixupPtr = Value;
191 break;
192 }
193 case Branch26PCRel: {
194 int64_t Value = TargetAddress - FixupAddress + Addend;
195
196 if (!isInt<28>(Value))
197 return makeTargetOutOfRangeError(G, B, E);
198
199 if (!isShiftedInt<26, 2>(Value))
200 return makeAlignmentError(orc::ExecutorAddr(FixupAddress), Value, 4, E);
201
202 uint32_t RawInstr = *(little32_t *)FixupPtr;
203 uint32_t Imm = static_cast<uint32_t>(Value >> 2);
204 uint32_t Imm15_0 = extractBits(Imm, /*Hi=*/15, /*Lo=*/0) << 10;
205 uint32_t Imm25_16 = extractBits(Imm, /*Hi=*/25, /*Lo=*/16);
206 *(little32_t *)FixupPtr = RawInstr | Imm15_0 | Imm25_16;
207 break;
208 }
209 case Delta32: {
210 int64_t Value = TargetAddress - FixupAddress + Addend;
211
212 if (!isInt<32>(Value))
213 return makeTargetOutOfRangeError(G, B, E);
214 *(little32_t *)FixupPtr = Value;
215 break;
216 }
217 case NegDelta32: {
218 int64_t Value = FixupAddress - TargetAddress + Addend;
219 if (!isInt<32>(Value))
220 return makeTargetOutOfRangeError(G, B, E);
221 *(little32_t *)FixupPtr = Value;
222 break;
223 }
224 case Delta64:
225 *(little64_t *)FixupPtr = TargetAddress - FixupAddress + Addend;
226 break;
227 case Page20: {
228 uint64_t Target = TargetAddress + Addend;
229 uint64_t TargetPage =
230 (Target + (Target & 0x800)) & ~static_cast<uint64_t>(0xfff);
231 uint64_t PCPage = FixupAddress & ~static_cast<uint64_t>(0xfff);
232
233 int64_t PageDelta = TargetPage - PCPage;
234 if (!isInt<32>(PageDelta))
235 return makeTargetOutOfRangeError(G, B, E);
236
237 uint32_t RawInstr = *(little32_t *)FixupPtr;
238 uint32_t Imm31_12 = extractBits(PageDelta, /*Hi=*/31, /*Lo=*/12) << 5;
239 *(little32_t *)FixupPtr = RawInstr | Imm31_12;
240 break;
241 }
242 case PageOffset12: {
243 uint64_t TargetOffset = (TargetAddress + Addend) & 0xfff;
244
245 uint32_t RawInstr = *(ulittle32_t *)FixupPtr;
246 uint32_t Imm11_0 = TargetOffset << 10;
247 *(ulittle32_t *)FixupPtr = RawInstr | Imm11_0;
248 break;
249 }
250 default:
251 return make_error<JITLinkError>(
252 "In graph " + G.getName() + ", section " + B.getSection().getName() +
253 " unsupported edge kind " + getEdgeKindName(E.getKind()));
254 }
255
256 return Error::success();
257}
258
259/// loongarch null pointer content.
260extern const char NullPointerContent[8];
262 return {reinterpret_cast<const char *>(NullPointerContent),
263 G.getPointerSize()};
264}
265
266/// loongarch stub content.
267///
268/// Contains the instruction sequence for an indirect jump via an in-memory
269/// pointer:
270/// pcalau12i $t8, %page20(ptr)
271/// ld.[w/d] $t8, %pageoff12(ptr)
272/// jr $t8
273constexpr size_t StubEntrySize = 12;
274extern const uint8_t LA64StubContent[StubEntrySize];
275extern const uint8_t LA32StubContent[StubEntrySize];
277 auto StubContent =
278 G.getPointerSize() == 8 ? LA64StubContent : LA32StubContent;
279 return {reinterpret_cast<const char *>(StubContent), StubEntrySize};
280}
281
282/// Creates a new pointer block in the given section and returns an
283/// Anonymous symobl pointing to it.
284///
285/// If InitialTarget is given then an Pointer64 relocation will be added to the
286/// block pointing at InitialTarget.
287///
288/// The pointer block will have the following default values:
289/// alignment: PointerSize
290/// alignment-offset: 0
292 Symbol *InitialTarget = nullptr,
293 uint64_t InitialAddend = 0) {
294 auto &B = G.createContentBlock(PointerSection, getGOTEntryBlockContent(G),
295 orc::ExecutorAddr(), G.getPointerSize(), 0);
296 if (InitialTarget)
297 B.addEdge(G.getPointerSize() == 8 ? Pointer64 : Pointer32, 0,
298 *InitialTarget, InitialAddend);
299 return G.addAnonymousSymbol(B, 0, G.getPointerSize(), false, false);
300}
301
302/// Create a jump stub that jumps via the pointer at the given symbol and
303/// an anonymous symbol pointing to it. Return the anonymous symbol.
305 Section &StubSection,
306 Symbol &PointerSymbol) {
307 Block &StubContentBlock = G.createContentBlock(
308 StubSection, getStubBlockContent(G), orc::ExecutorAddr(), 4, 0);
309 StubContentBlock.addEdge(Page20, 0, PointerSymbol, 0);
310 StubContentBlock.addEdge(PageOffset12, 4, PointerSymbol, 0);
311 return G.addAnonymousSymbol(StubContentBlock, 0, StubEntrySize, true, false);
312}
313
314/// Global Offset Table Builder.
315class GOTTableManager : public TableManager<GOTTableManager> {
316public:
317 static StringRef getSectionName() { return "$__GOT"; }
318
320 Edge::Kind KindToSet = Edge::Invalid;
321 switch (E.getKind()) {
323 KindToSet = Page20;
324 break;
326 KindToSet = PageOffset12;
327 break;
328 default:
329 return false;
330 }
331 assert(KindToSet != Edge::Invalid &&
332 "Fell through switch, but no new kind to set");
333 DEBUG_WITH_TYPE("jitlink", {
334 dbgs() << " Fixing " << G.getEdgeKindName(E.getKind()) << " edge at "
335 << B->getFixupAddress(E) << " (" << B->getAddress() << " + "
336 << formatv("{0:x}", E.getOffset()) << ")\n";
337 });
338 E.setKind(KindToSet);
339 E.setTarget(getEntryForTarget(G, E.getTarget()));
340 return true;
341 }
342
344 return createAnonymousPointer(G, getGOTSection(G), &Target);
345 }
346
347private:
348 Section &getGOTSection(LinkGraph &G) {
349 if (!GOTSection)
350 GOTSection = &G.createSection(getSectionName(),
352 return *GOTSection;
353 }
354
355 Section *GOTSection = nullptr;
356};
357
358/// Procedure Linkage Table Builder.
359class PLTTableManager : public TableManager<PLTTableManager> {
360public:
362
363 static StringRef getSectionName() { return "$__STUBS"; }
364
366 if (E.getKind() == Branch26PCRel && !E.getTarget().isDefined()) {
367 DEBUG_WITH_TYPE("jitlink", {
368 dbgs() << " Fixing " << G.getEdgeKindName(E.getKind()) << " edge at "
369 << B->getFixupAddress(E) << " (" << B->getAddress() << " + "
370 << formatv("{0:x}", E.getOffset()) << ")\n";
371 });
372 E.setTarget(getEntryForTarget(G, E.getTarget()));
373 return true;
374 }
375 return false;
376 }
377
381 }
382
383public:
385 if (!StubsSection)
386 StubsSection = &G.createSection(getSectionName(),
388 return *StubsSection;
389 }
390
393};
394
395} // namespace loongarch
396} // namespace jitlink
397} // namespace llvm
398
399#endif
static GCRegistry::Add< OcamlGC > B("ocaml", "ocaml 3.10-compatible GC")
static GCRegistry::Add< CoreCLRGC > E("coreclr", "CoreCLR-compatible GC")
#define DEBUG_WITH_TYPE(TYPE, X)
DEBUG_WITH_TYPE macro - This macro should be used by passes to emit debug information.
Definition: Debug.h:64
#define G(x, y, z)
Definition: MD5.cpp:56
assert(ImpDefSCC.getReg()==AMDGPU::SCC &&ImpDefSCC.isDef())
ArrayRef - Represent a constant reference to an array (0 or more elements consecutively in memory),...
Definition: ArrayRef.h:41
Lightweight error class with error context and mandatory checking.
Definition: Error.h:160
static ErrorSuccess success()
Create a success value.
Definition: Error.h:334
StringRef - Represent a constant reference to a string, i.e.
Definition: StringRef.h:50
Target - Wrapper for Target specific information.
LLVM Value Representation.
Definition: Value.h:74
Represents an address in the executor process.
This is an optimization pass for GlobalISel generic memory operations.
Definition: AddressRanges.h:18
auto formatv(const char *Fmt, Ts &&... Vals) -> formatv_object< decltype(std::make_tuple(detail::build_format_adapter(std::forward< Ts >(Vals))...))>
raw_ostream & dbgs()
dbgs() - This returns a reference to a raw_ostream for debugging messages.
Definition: Debug.cpp:163