LLVM 19.0.0git
MemoryLocation.h
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1//===- MemoryLocation.h - Memory location descriptions ----------*- C++ -*-===//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8/// \file
9/// This file provides utility analysis objects describing memory locations.
10/// These are used both by the Alias Analysis infrastructure and more
11/// specialized memory analysis layers.
12///
13//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
14
15#ifndef LLVM_ANALYSIS_MEMORYLOCATION_H
16#define LLVM_ANALYSIS_MEMORYLOCATION_H
17
19#include "llvm/IR/Metadata.h"
21
22#include <optional>
23
24namespace llvm {
25
26class CallBase;
27class Instruction;
28class LoadInst;
29class StoreInst;
30class MemTransferInst;
31class MemIntrinsic;
32class AtomicCmpXchgInst;
33class AtomicMemTransferInst;
34class AtomicMemIntrinsic;
35class AtomicRMWInst;
36class AnyMemTransferInst;
37class AnyMemIntrinsic;
38class TargetLibraryInfo;
39class VAArgInst;
40class Value;
41
42// Represents the size of a MemoryLocation. Logically, it's an
43// std::optional<uint63_t> that also carries a bit to represent whether the
44// integer it contains, N, is 'precise'. Precise, in this context, means that we
45// know that the area of storage referenced by the given MemoryLocation must be
46// precisely N bytes. An imprecise value is formed as the union of two or more
47// precise values, and can conservatively represent all of the values unioned
48// into it. Importantly, imprecise values are an *upper-bound* on the size of a
49// MemoryLocation.
50//
51// Concretely, a precise MemoryLocation is (%p, 4) in
52// store i32 0, i32* %p
53//
54// Since we know that %p must be at least 4 bytes large at this point.
55// Otherwise, we have UB. An example of an imprecise MemoryLocation is (%p, 4)
56// at the memcpy in
57//
58// %n = select i1 %foo, i64 1, i64 4
59// call void @llvm.memcpy.p0i8.p0i8.i64(i8* %p, i8* %baz, i64 %n, i32 1,
60// i1 false)
61//
62// ...Since we'll copy *up to* 4 bytes into %p, but we can't guarantee that
63// we'll ever actually do so.
64//
65// If asked to represent a pathologically large value, this will degrade to
66// std::nullopt.
67// Store Scalable information in bit 62 of Value. Scalable information is
68// required to do Alias Analysis on Scalable quantities
70 enum : uint64_t {
71 BeforeOrAfterPointer = ~uint64_t(0),
72 ScalableBit = uint64_t(1) << 62,
73 AfterPointer = (BeforeOrAfterPointer - 1) & ~ScalableBit,
74 MapEmpty = BeforeOrAfterPointer - 2,
75 MapTombstone = BeforeOrAfterPointer - 3,
76 ImpreciseBit = uint64_t(1) << 63,
77
78 // The maximum value we can represent without falling back to 'unknown'.
79 MaxValue = (MapTombstone - 1) & ~(ImpreciseBit | ScalableBit),
80 };
81
83
84 // Hack to support implicit construction. This should disappear when the
85 // public LocationSize ctor goes away.
86 enum DirectConstruction { Direct };
87
88 constexpr LocationSize(uint64_t Raw, DirectConstruction) : Value(Raw) {}
89 constexpr LocationSize(uint64_t Raw, bool Scalable)
90 : Value(Raw > MaxValue ? AfterPointer
91 : Raw | (Scalable ? ScalableBit : uint64_t(0))) {}
92
93 static_assert(AfterPointer & ImpreciseBit,
94 "AfterPointer is imprecise by definition.");
95 static_assert(BeforeOrAfterPointer & ImpreciseBit,
96 "BeforeOrAfterPointer is imprecise by definition.");
97 static_assert(~(MaxValue & ScalableBit), "Max value don't have bit 62 set");
98
99public:
100 // FIXME: Migrate all users to construct via either `precise` or `upperBound`,
101 // to make it more obvious at the callsite the kind of size that they're
102 // providing.
103 //
104 // Since the overwhelming majority of users of this provide precise values,
105 // this assumes the provided value is precise.
106 constexpr LocationSize(uint64_t Raw)
107 : Value(Raw > MaxValue ? AfterPointer : Raw) {}
108 // Create non-scalable LocationSize
110 return LocationSize(Value, false /*Scalable*/);
111 }
113 return LocationSize(Value.getKnownMinValue(), Value.isScalable());
114 }
115
117 // You can't go lower than 0, so give a precise result.
118 if (LLVM_UNLIKELY(Value == 0))
119 return precise(0);
120 if (LLVM_UNLIKELY(Value > MaxValue))
121 return afterPointer();
122 return LocationSize(Value | ImpreciseBit, Direct);
123 }
125 if (Value.isScalable())
126 return afterPointer();
127 return upperBound(Value.getFixedValue());
128 }
129
130 /// Any location after the base pointer (but still within the underlying
131 /// object).
132 constexpr static LocationSize afterPointer() {
133 return LocationSize(AfterPointer, Direct);
134 }
135
136 /// Any location before or after the base pointer (but still within the
137 /// underlying object).
139 return LocationSize(BeforeOrAfterPointer, Direct);
140 }
141
142 // Sentinel values, generally used for maps.
143 constexpr static LocationSize mapTombstone() {
144 return LocationSize(MapTombstone, Direct);
145 }
146 constexpr static LocationSize mapEmpty() {
147 return LocationSize(MapEmpty, Direct);
148 }
149
150 // Returns a LocationSize that can correctly represent either `*this` or
151 // `Other`.
153 if (Other == *this)
154 return *this;
155
156 if (Value == BeforeOrAfterPointer || Other.Value == BeforeOrAfterPointer)
157 return beforeOrAfterPointer();
158 if (Value == AfterPointer || Other.Value == AfterPointer)
159 return afterPointer();
160 if (isScalable() || Other.isScalable())
161 return afterPointer();
162
163 return upperBound(std::max(getValue(), Other.getValue()));
164 }
165
166 bool hasValue() const {
167 return Value != AfterPointer && Value != BeforeOrAfterPointer;
168 }
169 bool isScalable() const { return (Value & ScalableBit); }
170
172 assert(hasValue() && "Getting value from an unknown LocationSize!");
173 assert((Value & ~(ImpreciseBit | ScalableBit)) < MaxValue &&
174 "Scalable bit of value should be masked");
175 return {Value & ~(ImpreciseBit | ScalableBit), isScalable()};
176 }
177
178 // Returns whether or not this value is precise. Note that if a value is
179 // precise, it's guaranteed to not be unknown.
180 bool isPrecise() const { return (Value & ImpreciseBit) == 0; }
181
182 // Convenience method to check if this LocationSize's value is 0.
183 bool isZero() const {
184 return hasValue() && getValue().getKnownMinValue() == 0;
185 }
186
187 /// Whether accesses before the base pointer are possible.
188 bool mayBeBeforePointer() const { return Value == BeforeOrAfterPointer; }
189
190 bool operator==(const LocationSize &Other) const {
191 return Value == Other.Value;
192 }
193
194 bool operator==(const TypeSize &Other) const {
195 return hasValue() && getValue() == Other;
196 }
197
198 bool operator!=(const LocationSize &Other) const { return !(*this == Other); }
199
200 bool operator!=(const TypeSize &Other) const { return !(*this == Other); }
201
202 // Ordering operators are not provided, since it's unclear if there's only one
203 // reasonable way to compare:
204 // - values that don't exist against values that do, and
205 // - precise values to imprecise values
206
207 void print(raw_ostream &OS) const;
208
209 // Returns an opaque value that represents this LocationSize. Cannot be
210 // reliably converted back into a LocationSize.
211 uint64_t toRaw() const { return Value; }
212};
213
215 Size.print(OS);
216 return OS;
217}
218
219/// Representation for a specific memory location.
220///
221/// This abstraction can be used to represent a specific location in memory.
222/// The goal of the location is to represent enough information to describe
223/// abstract aliasing, modification, and reference behaviors of whatever
224/// value(s) are stored in memory at the particular location.
225///
226/// The primary user of this interface is LLVM's Alias Analysis, but other
227/// memory analyses such as MemoryDependence can use it as well.
229public:
230 /// UnknownSize - This is a special value which can be used with the
231 /// size arguments in alias queries to indicate that the caller does not
232 /// know the sizes of the potential memory references.
233 enum : uint64_t { UnknownSize = ~UINT64_C(0) };
234
235 /// The address of the start of the location.
236 const Value *Ptr;
237
238 /// The maximum size of the location, in address-units, or
239 /// UnknownSize if the size is not known.
240 ///
241 /// Note that an unknown size does not mean the pointer aliases the entire
242 /// virtual address space, because there are restrictions on stepping out of
243 /// one object and into another. See
244 /// http://llvm.org/docs/LangRef.html#pointeraliasing
246
247 /// The metadata nodes which describes the aliasing of the location (each
248 /// member is null if that kind of information is unavailable).
250
251 void print(raw_ostream &OS) const { OS << *Ptr << " " << Size << "\n"; }
252
253 /// Return a location with information about the memory reference by the given
254 /// instruction.
255 static MemoryLocation get(const LoadInst *LI);
256 static MemoryLocation get(const StoreInst *SI);
257 static MemoryLocation get(const VAArgInst *VI);
258 static MemoryLocation get(const AtomicCmpXchgInst *CXI);
259 static MemoryLocation get(const AtomicRMWInst *RMWI);
260 static MemoryLocation get(const Instruction *Inst) {
261 return *MemoryLocation::getOrNone(Inst);
262 }
263 static std::optional<MemoryLocation> getOrNone(const Instruction *Inst);
264
265 /// Return a location representing the source of a memory transfer.
269
270 /// Return a location representing the destination of a memory set or
271 /// transfer.
275 static std::optional<MemoryLocation> getForDest(const CallBase *CI,
276 const TargetLibraryInfo &TLI);
277
278 /// Return a location representing a particular argument of a call.
279 static MemoryLocation getForArgument(const CallBase *Call, unsigned ArgIdx,
280 const TargetLibraryInfo *TLI);
281 static MemoryLocation getForArgument(const CallBase *Call, unsigned ArgIdx,
282 const TargetLibraryInfo &TLI) {
283 return getForArgument(Call, ArgIdx, &TLI);
284 }
285
286 /// Return a location that may access any location after Ptr, while remaining
287 /// within the underlying object.
289 const AAMDNodes &AATags = AAMDNodes()) {
291 }
292
293 /// Return a location that may access any location before or after Ptr, while
294 /// remaining within the underlying object.
295 static MemoryLocation
298 }
299
300 MemoryLocation() : Ptr(nullptr), Size(LocationSize::beforeOrAfterPointer()) {}
301
303 const AAMDNodes &AATags = AAMDNodes())
304 : Ptr(Ptr), Size(Size), AATags(AATags) {}
305
306 MemoryLocation getWithNewPtr(const Value *NewPtr) const {
307 MemoryLocation Copy(*this);
308 Copy.Ptr = NewPtr;
309 return Copy;
310 }
311
313 MemoryLocation Copy(*this);
314 Copy.Size = NewSize;
315 return Copy;
316 }
317
319 MemoryLocation Copy(*this);
320 Copy.AATags = AAMDNodes();
321 return Copy;
322 }
323
324 bool operator==(const MemoryLocation &Other) const {
325 return Ptr == Other.Ptr && Size == Other.Size && AATags == Other.AATags;
326 }
327};
328
329// Specialize DenseMapInfo.
330template <> struct DenseMapInfo<LocationSize> {
331 static inline LocationSize getEmptyKey() { return LocationSize::mapEmpty(); }
334 }
335 static unsigned getHashValue(const LocationSize &Val) {
337 }
338 static bool isEqual(const LocationSize &LHS, const LocationSize &RHS) {
339 return LHS == RHS;
340 }
341};
342
343template <> struct DenseMapInfo<MemoryLocation> {
344 static inline MemoryLocation getEmptyKey() {
347 }
351 }
352 static unsigned getHashValue(const MemoryLocation &Val) {
356 }
357 static bool isEqual(const MemoryLocation &LHS, const MemoryLocation &RHS) {
358 return LHS == RHS;
359 }
360};
361} // namespace llvm
362
363#endif
#define LLVM_UNLIKELY(EXPR)
Definition: Compiler.h:241
This file defines DenseMapInfo traits for DenseMap.
uint64_t Size
IRTranslator LLVM IR MI
This file contains the declarations for metadata subclasses.
assert(ImpDefSCC.getReg()==AMDGPU::SCC &&ImpDefSCC.isDef())
raw_pwrite_stream & OS
Value * RHS
Value * LHS
An instruction that atomically checks whether a specified value is in a memory location,...
Definition: Instructions.h:539
an instruction that atomically reads a memory location, combines it with another value,...
Definition: Instructions.h:748
Base class for all callable instructions (InvokeInst and CallInst) Holds everything related to callin...
Definition: InstrTypes.h:1467
An instruction for reading from memory.
Definition: Instructions.h:184
bool hasValue() const
static LocationSize precise(uint64_t Value)
static constexpr LocationSize mapEmpty()
static LocationSize upperBound(TypeSize Value)
bool mayBeBeforePointer() const
Whether accesses before the base pointer are possible.
bool operator==(const TypeSize &Other) const
static constexpr LocationSize beforeOrAfterPointer()
Any location before or after the base pointer (but still within the underlying object).
bool isScalable() const
TypeSize getValue() const
bool isZero() const
void print(raw_ostream &OS) const
bool operator!=(const TypeSize &Other) const
bool isPrecise() const
bool operator!=(const LocationSize &Other) const
static constexpr LocationSize afterPointer()
Any location after the base pointer (but still within the underlying object).
uint64_t toRaw() const
LocationSize unionWith(LocationSize Other) const
static LocationSize upperBound(uint64_t Value)
constexpr LocationSize(uint64_t Raw)
static constexpr LocationSize mapTombstone()
bool operator==(const LocationSize &Other) const
static LocationSize precise(TypeSize Value)
This is the common base class for memset/memcpy/memmove.
This class wraps the llvm.memcpy/memmove intrinsics.
Representation for a specific memory location.
MemoryLocation getWithNewSize(LocationSize NewSize) const
MemoryLocation getWithoutAATags() const
static MemoryLocation get(const LoadInst *LI)
Return a location with information about the memory reference by the given instruction.
static MemoryLocation getForArgument(const CallBase *Call, unsigned ArgIdx, const TargetLibraryInfo &TLI)
static MemoryLocation getForSource(const MemTransferInst *MTI)
Return a location representing the source of a memory transfer.
void print(raw_ostream &OS) const
LocationSize Size
The maximum size of the location, in address-units, or UnknownSize if the size is not known.
static MemoryLocation getBeforeOrAfter(const Value *Ptr, const AAMDNodes &AATags=AAMDNodes())
Return a location that may access any location before or after Ptr, while remaining within the underl...
static MemoryLocation getAfter(const Value *Ptr, const AAMDNodes &AATags=AAMDNodes())
Return a location that may access any location after Ptr, while remaining within the underlying objec...
static MemoryLocation get(const Instruction *Inst)
MemoryLocation getWithNewPtr(const Value *NewPtr) const
AAMDNodes AATags
The metadata nodes which describes the aliasing of the location (each member is null if that kind of ...
const Value * Ptr
The address of the start of the location.
MemoryLocation(const Value *Ptr, LocationSize Size, const AAMDNodes &AATags=AAMDNodes())
static MemoryLocation getForDest(const MemIntrinsic *MI)
Return a location representing the destination of a memory set or transfer.
bool operator==(const MemoryLocation &Other) const
static std::optional< MemoryLocation > getOrNone(const Instruction *Inst)
static MemoryLocation getForArgument(const CallBase *Call, unsigned ArgIdx, const TargetLibraryInfo *TLI)
Return a location representing a particular argument of a call.
An instruction for storing to memory.
Definition: Instructions.h:317
Provides information about what library functions are available for the current target.
This class represents the va_arg llvm instruction, which returns an argument of the specified type gi...
LLVM Value Representation.
Definition: Value.h:74
constexpr ScalarTy getKnownMinValue() const
Returns the minimum value this quantity can represent.
Definition: TypeSize.h:168
This class implements an extremely fast bulk output stream that can only output to a stream.
Definition: raw_ostream.h:52
This is an optimization pass for GlobalISel generic memory operations.
Definition: AddressRanges.h:18
@ Other
Any other memory.
raw_ostream & operator<<(raw_ostream &OS, const APFixedPoint &FX)
Definition: APFixedPoint.h:293
A collection of metadata nodes that might be associated with a memory access used by the alias-analys...
Definition: Metadata.h:760
static LocationSize getTombstoneKey()
static bool isEqual(const LocationSize &LHS, const LocationSize &RHS)
static unsigned getHashValue(const LocationSize &Val)
static LocationSize getEmptyKey()
static MemoryLocation getTombstoneKey()
static MemoryLocation getEmptyKey()
static bool isEqual(const MemoryLocation &LHS, const MemoryLocation &RHS)
static unsigned getHashValue(const MemoryLocation &Val)
An information struct used to provide DenseMap with the various necessary components for a given valu...
Definition: DenseMapInfo.h:50